ORIC® 20 mm Linear Translation Stages with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive


  • Linear Stages with Open- or Closed-Loop Positioning
  • Stage with Optical Encoder Available
  • 3 kg Horizontal Load Capacity
  • Stackable Design for Compact 1-, 2-, or 3-Axis Setups

PD1

Piezo Inertia Stage

Application Idea

PD1D and PD1 Stages
in XYZ Configuration

PDX1

Piezo Inertia Stage
with Optical Encoder

PD1D

Monolithic 2-Axis
Piezo Inertia Stage

Related Items


Please Wait
ORIC Webinar

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A right-angle prism mounted on PDX1 stages in XY configuration using a PM3 clamping arm.

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XY + rotation stage created by mounting two PD1(/M) linear stages on a PDR1(/M) rotation stage using the included accessories.

Features

  • Compact Stainless Steel Stages with Piezo Inertia Drive
  • Ideal for OEMs and Set-and-Hold Applications that Require Relative Positioning with High Resolution
  • Version with Optical Encoder Provides High-Accuracy Positioning Resolution up to 10 nm
  • Two XY Configuration Options
    • Monolithic Open-Loop XY Stage
    • Stack Single-Axis Stages Using Counterbores and Included Dowel Pins
  • Vertical Mounting and XYZ Configurations using Right-Angle Bracket Adapter
  • Requires a Piezo Inertia Stage Controller (Sold Separately Below)

Thorlabs' ORIC® Piezoelectric Inertia Drive Stages provide fast and stable piezo-controlled linear motion in compact packages with no backlash. The PD1(/M) and PD1D(/M) stages provide open-loop operation in single- and dual-axis packages, respectively, while the PD1X(/M) stage with an optical encoder supports open- and closed-loop operation in a single-axis package. All stages have a horizontal load capacity of 3 kg. The piezo inertia drive is self-locking when the stage is at rest and no power is supplied to the piezo, making these stages ideal for set-and-hold applications that require nanometer resolution and long-term alignment stability.

Load Mounting Options
The load can be secured to the stage's moving platform using 2-56 (M2) threaded holes or 8-32 (M4) threaded holes. The PD1D(/M) XY stage also offers #2 (M2) and #8 (M4) counterbores for mounting. Alternatively, the PD1T(/M) and PD1U(/M) adapter plates (sold separately below) provide alternative mounting hole patterns for the top plate of the stage. The load can also be aligned using the array of six Ø2 mm, 1.5 mm deep dowel pin holes. Ensure that the maximum insertion depth of these holes is not exceeded or else the stage may be damaged. For more information, please refer to the Specs tab or the support documents accessible through the red Support Docs () icons below.

Stage Mounting Options
The mounting counterbores are accessible when the moving plate is translated to the ends of the travel range. There are two mounting options: two 2-56 (M2) screws on the corners with 0.35 N·m recommended torque or 8-32 (M4) screws on the ends with 0.55 N·m recommended torque. We offer the TD75 torque driver for tightening to a specific torque value.

The stages should be mounted on an even surface with recommended flatness ≤5 μm. If the stage is mounted on a surface with >5 µm flatness (as with most breadboards and optical tables), the mounting torque may need to be decreased in order for the velocity variation and pitch/yaw of the stage to meet specifications. If needed, the PD1B(/M) and PD1B2(/M) mounting adapters provide a mounting surface with precise flatness to avoid warping the stage when mounting it to a table surface.

Two linear stages can be stacked on top of each other for an XY configuration for applications that require additonal movement, an example is shown in the image to the right.

The PD1Z(/M) right-angle bracket adapter allows the stage to be mounted vertically on top of another stage for an XZ or XYZ configuration. Note that when the stage is mounted vertically, the load capacity is greatly reduced.

XY + Rotation Stage
The monolithic PD1D(/M) dual-axis stage or two single-axis linear stages can be combined with the PDR1(/M) Piezo Inertia Drive Rotation Stage for applications that require XY translation and rotation, an example of which is shown to the lower right. For more details, visit the full web presentation for the PDR1(/M) rotation stage.

Required Controller
One of our piezo inertia controllers is required to operate these stages. Note that the piezo inertia drives cannot be driven using a standard piezo controller. Please see below on more information on which controllers are compatible with each stage.

Inertia Motor Operation
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Simplified Illustration Showing the Operation of the Piezo Inertia Drive
Inertia Motor Operation
The "stick-slip" cycle consists of a slow piezo expansion and a fast piezo contraction.

Piezoelectric Inertia "Stick-Slip" Motor

The piezo inertia motor consists of three main parts: a flexure-coupled piezo actuator, a friction element, and a slider (the moving platform). During the "stick" part of a cycle, the piezo slowly expands under the ramp voltage, pushing the friction element and the slider forward in unison. During the "slip" part, the drive voltage drops rapidly and the piezo element returns to its starting length, with the friction element "slipping" backward. The slider does not move due to its inertia and the low coefficient of kinetic friction between the friction element and the bottom surface of the slider. The graph to the right shows the piezo drive voltage during one "stick-slip" cycle.

Repeating this cycle produces continuous forward travel of the slider. For travel in the reverse direction, the opposite drive voltage pattern is required, resulting in rapid piezo expansion and slower piezo contraction, or "slip-stick". During operation, the stage makes a high pitch noise and may generate some heat. This is normal behavior in the performance of the device and does not indicate a fault condition.

Due to a number of factors that include the application conditions, piezo hysteresis, component variance, and the axial load, the achieved step size will vary and is not repeatable. To help overcome this variance, an external feedback system will be necessary.

Specifications
Item # PD1(/M)a PD1D(/M)a PDX1(/M)b
Stage Type Single-Axis Stage with Open-Loop Piezos Dual-Axis Stage with Open-Loop Piezos Single-Axis Stage with Closed-Loop Piezos
Travel 20 mm (0.78") 20 mm x 20 mm (0.78" x 0.78") 20 mm (0.78")
Optical Encoder Resolution - 10 nm
Minimal Incremental Motion - 20 nmc
Step Size Typical: 1 µmd
Maximum: <3 µme
Adjustability: ≤30%e
PDXC Only: 0.01 to 10.00 mm
PDXC with PC Control: 0.00001 to 10.00 mm
Maximum Step Frequency 2 kHzf 20 kHz
Speed (Continuous Stepping) 3 mm/s Typical Maxg,h 2 to 20 mm/s Typicalc
Average Velocity Variation
Over Travel Range
±10%g,i ±2%c
Horizontal Load Capacity 3 kg (6.61 lbs)
Vertical Load Capacityj 100 g (3.5 oz) 100 g (3.5 oz)k 100 g (3.5 oz)
Clamping / Holding Force 3 N
Pitch / Yaw Over Travel Range 200 µrad
XY Stacked Orthogonality <5 mrad ≤2 mrad <5 mrad
Motor Type Piezoelectric Inertia Drive
Lifetime >10 Billion Stepsl >10 Billion Stepsk,l,m ≥25 kmn
Piezo Specifications
Max Operating Voltage 125 V 60 V
Capacitance 170 nF 65 nF
Physical Specifications
Operating Temperature 10 to 40 °C
Connector Type SMC Female D-SUB 15-Pin Female
Cable Length 1 m (3.3 ft)o 1.5 m (5.0 ft)
Top Plate
Mounting Options
Four 2-56 (M2) Threaded Holes, 3.5 mm Deep
Six 8-32 (M4) Threaded Holes, 3.2 mm Deep
Six Ø2 mm Dowel Pin Holes, 1.5 mm Deep
PD1T(/M) and PD1U(/M) Adapters
Four 2-56 (M2) Threaded Holes, 3 mm Deep
Two #2 (M2) Counterbores
Four 8-32 (M4) Threaded Holes, 3.2 mm Deep
Two #8 (M4) Counterbores
Four Ø2 mm Dowel Pin Holes, 1.5 mm Deep
PD1T(/M) and PD1U(/M) Adapters
Four 2-56 (M2) Threaded Holes, 3.5 mm Deep
Six 8-32 (M4) Threaded Holes, 3.2 mm Deep
Six Ø2 mm Dowel Pin Holes, 1.5 mm Deep
PD1T(/M) and PD1U(/M) Adapters
Dimensions 32.5 mm x 32.0 mm x 11.5 mm
(1.28" x 1.26" x 0.45")
32.5 mm x 32.5 mm x 20.0 mm
(1.28" x 1.28" x 0.79")
41.6 mm x 32.5 mm x 15.0 mm
(1.64" x 1.28" x 0.59")
Weight (Including Cable) 76 g (2.68 oz) 137 g (4.83 oz) 210 g (7.41 oz)
Required Controller
(Available Separately Below)
KIM001, KIM101p, or PDXCq PDXC
Extension Cable(s)
PAA101 Cable(s) and T5026 Adapter(s)o -
  • Specifications are measured using the KIM101 Inertia Piezo Controller and with the stage mounted on a surface with flatness ≤5 µm.
  • Specifications are measured using the PDXC Inertia Piezo Controller and with the stage mounted on a surface with flatness ≤5 µm.
  • Specified at 20 kHz driving frequency and in closed-loop mode.
  • This value can vary by up to 20% due to component variance, change of direction, and application conditions.
  • This is adjusted by changing the piezo drive voltage and frequency. See the KIM001 or KIM101 controller manuals for more details.
  • 2 kHz is the maximum output from the KIM101 and KIM001 controllers.
  • Specified at 2 kHz Step Frequency
  • The forward and backward velocities may differ by up to 50% due to the open-loop design, component variances, and application conditions. Operating the stage with the wrong software settings will further increase the variance; be sure to select stage type "PD(R)" in the Kinesis software.
  • Variation in Speed in a Single Travel Direction
  • This is equivalent to the push/pull force along the axial/travel direction, which is 1 N.
  • It is not recommended to mount the PD1D(/M) monolithic stage vertically because one axis will get a lateral force to the rails and may influence its angular error and even reduce the lifespan of the rail.
  • When mounted vertically, long term usage (>3 billion steps) may cause creep of the rails, leading to decreased travel range. To avoid this, return the stage to a horizontal position and run it back and forth over the full range several times after approximately 1 billion steps in a vertical orientation.
  • Driven by the KIM101 Controller Under 2 kHz/85 V
  • With the stage mounted horizontally on a mounting plate with a 3 kg load centered on the carriage plate.
  • The 1 m long cable(s) integrated into the PD1(/M) and PD1D(/M) stages may be extended up to a maximum of 2.5 m total using PAA101 cables and T5026 adapter. Longer cable lengths should not be used due to the capacitance of the cables.
  • The KIM101 controller version must be 2019 or newer (per the S/N label) with a firmware revision of 010003 or higher (indicated when the controller is powered on. Earlier versions of the KIM101 controller or those with older firmware will not function properly and may cause failure of the stage and/or the controller.
  • Since the PDXC can operate at a higher frequency, it is capable of driving the PD1(/M) and PD1D(/M) stages at a higher speed and smaller step size compared to the KIM series controllers. However, due to the lower output voltage, the driving force will be lower.

PD1(/M) & PD1D(/M) Connector

SMC Female

SMC Female
0 to 125 V

PDX1(/M) Connector

Female 15-Pin D-Sub

D-SUB 15
Pin(s) Voltage Range Name Description
1 -7.5 to +12.5 V Encoder_B_N Encoder B-
2 -7.5 to +12.5 V Encoder_B_P Encoder B+
3 0 V GND Digital Ground
4 -7.5 to +12.5 V Encoder_A_N Encoder A-
5 -7.5 to +12.5 V Encoder_A_P Encoder A+
6 - - Reserved
7 - - Reserved
8 +5 V +5 V 5 V Power
9 -7.5 to +12.5 V Encoder_Z_N Encoder Z-
10 -7.5 to +12.5 V Encoder_Z_P Encoder Z+
11 -10 to +50 V SigOut2 Piezo Output 2
12 0 V PGND Power Ground
13 -10 to +50 V SigOut1 Piezo Output 1
14 5 V TTL EEPROM 1-Wire EEPROM
15 - - Reserved

Software

PDXC Version 1.1.1

The PDXC Software Package, which includes a GUI, drivers, and LabVIEW™/C++/Python SDK for third-party development.

Software Download

Thorlabs offers a PDXC software package to control the PDXC Piezo Stage Controller. This controller is designed to drive our PD1(/M) and PD1D(/M) Piezo Inertia Linear Translation Stages, PDX1(/M) Piezo Inertia Linear Translation Stage with an Optical Encoder, and PDR1(/M) Piezo Inertia Rotation Stage. The software package allows two methods of usage: graphical user interface (GUI) utilities for direct interaction with and control of the controllers 'out of the box', and a set of programming interfaces for third-party development of custom-integrated positioning and alignment solutions to be easily programmed in the development language of choice (LabVIEW™/C++/Python SDK).

Note: This software is compatible with the KIM001 and KIM101 controllers; it cannot be used to operate the PDXC controller.

Thorlabs offers two platforms to drive our wide range of motion controllers: our Kinesis® software package or the legacy APT™ (Advanced Positioning Technology) software package. Either package can be used to control devices in the Kinesis family, which covers a wide range of motion controllers ranging from small, low-powered, single-channel drivers (such as the K-Cubes™ and T-Cubes™) to high-power, multi-channel, modular 19" rack nanopositioning systems (the APT Rack System).

The Kinesis Software features .NET controls which can be used by 3rd party developers working in the latest C#, Visual Basic, LabVIEW™, or any .NET compatible languages to create custom applications. Low-level DLL libraries are included for applications not expected to use the .NET framework. A Central Sequence Manager supports integration and synchronization of all Thorlabs motion control hardware.

Kinesis Software
Kinesis GUI Screen
APT Software
APT GUI Screen

Our legacy APT System Software platform offers ActiveX-based controls which can be used by 3rd party developers working on C#, Visual Basic, LabVIEW™, or any Active-X compatible languages to create custom applications and includes a simulator mode to assist in developing custom applications without requiring hardware.

By providing these common software platforms, Thorlabs has ensured that users can easily mix and match any of the Kinesis and APT controllers in a single application, while only having to learn a single set of software tools. In this way, it is perfectly feasible to combine any of the controllers from single-axis to multi-axis systems and control all from a single, PC-based unified software interface.

The software packages allow two methods of usage: graphical user interface (GUI) utilities for direct interaction with and control of the controllers 'out of the box', and a set of programming interfaces that allow custom-integrated positioning and alignment solutions to be easily programmed in the development language of choice.

A range of video tutorials is available to help explain our APT system software. These tutorials provide an overview of the software and the APT Config utility. Additionally, a tutorial video is available to explain how to select simulator mode within the software, which allows the user to experiment with the software without a controller connected. Please select the APT Tutorials tab above to view these videos.

Software

Kinesis Version 1.14.30

The Kinesis Software Package, which includes a GUI for control of Thorlabs' Kinesis and APT™ system controllers.

Also Available:

  • Communications Protocol
Software Download

Software

APT Version 3.21.5

The APT Software Package, which includes a GUI for control of Thorlabs' APT™ and Kinesis system controllers.

Also Available:

  • Communications Protocol
Software Download

Thorlabs' Kinesis® software features new .NET controls which can be used by third-party developers working in the latest C#, Visual Basic, LabVIEW™, or any .NET compatible languages to create custom applications.

C#
This programming language is designed to allow multiple programming paradigms, or languages, to be used, thus allowing for complex problems to be solved in an easy or efficient manner. It encompasses typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented, and component-oriented programming. By providing functionality with this common software platform, Thorlabs has ensured that users can easily mix and match any of the Kinesis controllers in a single application, while only having to learn a single set of software tools. In this way, it is perfectly feasible to combine any of the controllers from the low-powered, single-axis to the high-powered, multi-axis systems and control all from a single, PC-based unified software interface.

The Kinesis System Software allows two methods of usage: graphical user interface (GUI) utilities for direct interaction and control of the controllers 'out of the box', and a set of programming interfaces that allow custom-integrated positioning and alignment solutions to be easily programmed in the development language of choice.

For a collection of example projects that can be compiled and run to demonstrate the different ways in which developers can build on the Kinesis motion control libraries, click on the links below. Please note that a separate integrated development environment (IDE) (e.g., Microsoft Visual Studio) will be required to execute the Quick Start examples. The C# example projects can be executed using the included .NET controls in the Kinesis software package (see the Kinesis Software tab for details).

C Sharp Icon Click Here for the Kinesis with C# Quick Start Guide
Click Here for C# Example Projects
Click Here for Quick Start Device Control Examples
C Sharp Icon

LabVIEW
LabVIEW can be used to communicate with any Kinesis- or APT-based controller via .NET controls. In LabVIEW, you build a user interface, known as a front panel, with a set of tools and objects and then add code using graphical representations of functions to control the front panel objects. The LabVIEW tutorial, provided below, provides some information on using the .NET controls to create control GUIs for Kinesis- and APT-driven devices within LabVIEW. It includes an overview with basic information about using controllers in LabVIEW and explains the setup procedure that needs to be completed before using a LabVIEW GUI to operate a device.

Labview Icon Click Here to View the LabVIEW Guide
Click Here to View the Kinesis with LabVIEW Overview Page
Labview Icon

Achieving the Specified Performance

In this application note, we will discuss how to achieve the specified velocity and step size for the open-loop PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), and PDR1(/M) ORIC® Stages when driving them with KIM001 or KIM101 K-Cube™ Controllers; examples using the Kinesis® software and the K-Cube's front panel controls are discussed below. There are limitations when using an open-loop system, and we have created this application note to help minimize velocity and step size variation. We recommend using this application note upon initial setup, and/or if you are having issues with velocity and step size variation. For further details on how to change settings, please refer to the manuals of the individual stage and controller.




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Figure 2: These are the recommended channel settings for the PD(R) stage type. They can be changed in Device Settings -> Current Device Settings-> Channel 1.

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Figure 1: When controlling an Oric Stage, the stage type needs to be set to PD(R). This can be found in the Kinesis Software Device Settings -> Startup.

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Figure 4: Depicted in the circle is the jog mode, which should be set to continuous. This can be changed in Device Settings -> Current -> Channel 1.

Figure 3: Circled in black are the jog buttons which can be found in the device GUI.

Kinesis© Software Control with a K-Cube Controller

The Kinesis software defaults the stage type to PIA, which is not applicable to ORIC stages; to change this, we need to change the startup settings. The startup settings can be found by first accessing the device settings in the device GUI panel and then clicking the Startup tab. Under the Configuration tab, change the stage type to PD(R), check the "Persist Settings to the Device" box on the bottom right, and click the "Save" button in the lower left corner. These selections are shown circled in Figure 1. By using these settings, the Kinesis software will use the PD(R) stage type. The other device and channel settings can also be changed in the startup settings.

With the PD(R) stage type, we recommend certain channel settings to achieve the specified speed, speed variation, and force. These settings can be changed in the "Channel 1" tab of the device settings and are depicted in Figure 2. We will be focusing on the settings in the “Drive” box, circled in black, and the "Jog" box, circled in blue.

For the "Drive" box, we recommend setting the "Maximum Voltage" to 85 V, the "Rate" at 2000 steps/s, and "Acceleration" to 10000 Steps/s2. For the settings in the "Jog" box, we recommend setting the "Forward Size" to 250 Steps, the "Reverse Size" to 250 Steps, the "Mode" to "Continuous", the "Step Rate" to 2000 Steps/s, and the "Step Acceleration" to 10000 Steps/s2. To achieve the specified results, it is important to make sure the stage is mounted properly to an even surface, to our recommended mounting plate, or to a compatible adapter plate.

A continuous jog at a step rate higher than 1000 steps/s can only be achieved by using the jog buttons in the device GUI, shown circled in Figure 3. Continuous jog movement is limited to within 1000 step/s when using the joystick on the KIM101 K-Cube Controller or wheel on the KIM001 K-Cube Controller. Single movement or movement by counts is not limited to 1000 step/s when using the joystick or wheel.

Please note that if you change the jog mode in Kinesis to "Continuous" or "Single" this will only influence the jog buttons in the Kinesis GUI, shown circled in Figure 3. This will not change the joystick mode on the KIM001 or KIM101 controller front panel. The jog mode can be found in Kinesis under Device settings -> Channel 1 -> "Jog" box -> "Mode", also shown in Figure 4. More information on this can be found in the Front Panel Control section, located below.







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Figure 6: Kinesis software showing the "Device" tab under Device Settings in the Device GUI. The "Maximum Step Rate" setting is circled in blue. To use the joystick with continuous jogging mode this setting must be less than 1000 steps/s. The Kinesis joystick modes can be selected via the dropdown menu circled in black.

Figure 5: Drawing of the front panel of the KIM101 K-Cube Controller showing option 5, Joystick Mode.

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Figure 8: Kinesis software showing where the step size can be changed using the "Forward Size" and "Reverse Size" settings. The "Mode" setting, also shown, only affects the controls of the jog buttons in the GUI and does not affect the joystick mode.

Click to Enlarge

Figure 7: The drive rate can be changed in the Kinesis software under Device Settings -> Current -> Channel 1. This is equivalent to Front Panel Control option 3, "Set Velocity".

KIMx01 Front Panel Control and Related Settings in Kinesis

There are 10 options on the front panel control menu. These can be accessed using the two buttons and joystick on the KIM101 K-Cube Controller or the button and wheel on the KIM001 K-Cube Controller.

Option 5, Joystick Mode, shown in Figure 5, has 3 modes: "Jog to Count", "Jogging in Steps", and "Velocity Control". The Joystick mode in the Kinesis software is related to option 5, Joystick Mode, on the front panel. The three options for the Joystick Mode in the Kinesis software are "Step Rate", "Jog", and "Goto Position". This setting is circled in black in Figure 6.

"Jog to Count" mode will move the stage to the target count, which is defaulted at 0, under the velocity that is set by option 3, "Set Velocity" on the front panel. The setting for option 3 is the velocity at which the stage will move for option 5’s “Jog to Count” mode and for option 1, "Goto Pos Count". There is an equivalent setting in Kinesis which can be found in Device Settings -> Channel 1 -> "Drive" box -> "Rate". This is shown in Figure 7.

In "Jogging in Steps" mode, option 3, "Set Velocity" does not change the stage's velocity. The velocity in this mode must be changed in the Kinesis software. This can be changed in Device settings -> Channel 1 -> "Jog" box -> "Step Rate". Instead of changing the step rate to increase the stage speed, the step size can be changed to increase the stage speed. The step size can be changed on the front panel of a KIM001 or KIM101 device through option 4, "Jog Step Size". This can also be achieved in Kinesis through Device settings -> "Channel 1" -> "Jog" box-> "Forward Size" and "Reverse Size", shown in Figure 8.

In option 5 "Velocity Control" mode, the joystick can be used to achieve continuous jogging, but only if the velocity is less than 1000 step/s. This velocity cannot be changed by option 3 on the front panel. The velocity can only be changed in the Kinesis software under the Device settings -> Device -> "Maximum Step Rate", shown in Figure 6. A value of 10000 may appear initially, but this value is not accepted by the software and must be revised to a number between 1 and 1000.

In Kinesis, the joystick mode "Step Rate", is related to the "Velocity Control" mode on the front panel and can use the setting of "Maximum Step Rate". The "Direction Sense" can be used to switch the travel direction when using the joystick or wheel.

The APT video tutorials available here fall into two main groups - one group covers using the supplied APT utilities and the second group covers programming the APT System using a selection of different programming environments.

Disclaimer: The videos below were originally produced in Adobe Flash. Following the discontinuation of Flash after 2020, these tutorials were re-recorded for future use. The Flash Player controls still appear in the bottom of each video, but they are not functional.

Every APT controller is supplied with the utilities APTUser and APTConfig. APTUser provides a quick and easy way of interacting with the APT control hardware using intuitive graphical control panels. APTConfig is an 'off-line' utility that allows various system wide settings to be made such as pre-selecting mechanical stage types and associating them with specific motion controllers.

APT User Utility

The first video below gives an overview of using the APTUser Utility. The OptoDriver single channel controller products can be operated via their front panel controls in the absence of a control PC. The stored settings relating to the operation of these front panel controls can be changed using the APTUser utility. The second video illustrates this process.

APT User - Overview
APT User - OptoDriver Settings


APT Config Utility

There are various APT system-wide settings that can be made using the APT Config utility, including setting up a simulated hardware configuration and associating mechanical stages with specific motor drive channels. The first video presents a brief overview of the APT Config application. More details on creating a simulated hardware configuration and making stage associations are present in the next two videos.

APT Config - Overview
APT Config - Simulator Setup
APT Config - Stage Association


APT Programming

The APT Software System is implemented as a collection of ActiveX Controls. ActiveX Controls are language-independant software modules that provide both a graphical user interface and a programming interface. There is an ActiveX Control type for each type of hardware unit, e.g. a Motor ActiveX Control covers operation with any type of APT motor controller (DC or stepper). Many Windows software development environments and languages directly support ActiveX Controls, and, once such a Control is embedded into a custom application, all of the functionality it contains is immediately available to the application for automated operation. The videos below illustrate the basics of using the APT ActiveX Controls with LabVIEW, Visual Basic, and Visual C++. Note that many other languages support ActiveX including LabWindows CVI, C++ Builder, VB.NET, C#.NET, Office VBA, Matlab, HPVEE etc. Although these environments are not covered specifically by the tutorial videos, many of the ideas shown will still be relevant to using these other languages.

Visual Basic

Part 1 illustrates how to get an APT ActiveX Control running within Visual Basic, and Part 2 goes on to show how to program a custom positioning sequence.

APT Programming Using Visual Basic - Part 1
APT Programming Using Visual Basic - Part 2


LabVIEW

Full Active support is provided by LabVIEW and the series of tutorial videos below illustrate the basic building blocks in creating a custom APT motion control sequence. We start by showing how to call up the Thorlabs-supplied online help during software development. Part 2 illustrates how to create an APT ActiveX Control. ActiveX Controls provide both Methods (i.e. Functions) and Properties (i.e. Value Settings). Parts 3 and 4 show how to create and wire up both the methods and properties exposed by an ActiveX Control. Finally, in Part 5, we pull everything together and show a completed LabVIEW example program that demonstrates a custom move sequence.

APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Part 1: Accessing Online Help
APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Part 2: Creating an ActiveX Control
APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Part 3: Create an ActiveX Method
APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Part 4: Create an ActiveX Property
APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Part 5: How to Start an ActiveX Control


The following tutorial videos illustrate alternative ways of creating Method and Property nodes:

APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Create an ActiveX Method (Alternative)
APT Programming Using LabVIEW -
Create an ActiveX Property (Alternative)


Visual C++

Part 1 illustrates how to get an APT ActiveX Control running within Visual C++, and Part 2 goes on to show how to program a custom positioning sequence.

APT Programming with Visual C++ - Part 1
APT Programming with Visual C++ - Part 2


MATLAB

For assistance when using MATLAB and ActiveX controls with the Thorlabs APT positioners, click here.

To further assist programmers, a guide to programming the APT software in LabVIEW is also available here.


Posted Comments:
Qiyao Liu  (posted 2021-07-21 12:19:56.323)
Dear Sir or mdm, I am looking for a high accuracy translation stage better with nm scale resolution and no backlash. I will use it for scanning, could you please let me know wether this module can realize such function?
YLohia  (posted 2021-07-26 11:55:10.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs. The PDX1 stage is ideal for applications that require nanometer resolution without backlash. The built-in optical encoder provides high accuracy positioning resolution up to 10 nm when being controlled by the PDXC controller.
user  (posted 2021-04-12 15:28:18.773)
Hello, I am experiencing similar issues as some people have already raised in the comments: 1. Speed isnt matching the same displacement forward and backwards. Is there a way to set up the steps to counterbalance this effect ? 2. When placed in a XZ configuration, the Z-module is slicing down. How can i solve this? 3. Out of the 2 PD1/M that i received, one has a loose movable plate and effectively not usable. Is there a bolt to tighten to solve this issue ? Thank you :)
YLohia  (posted 2021-04-14 10:12:22.0)
Hello, thank you for contacting Thorlabs. The forward and backward velocities may differ by up to 50% due to the open-loop design, component variances, and application conditions. Operating the stage with the wrong software settings will further increase the variance; be sure to select stage type "PD(R)" in the Kinesis software. To ensure proper performance in the Z axis, please make sure that your load does not exceed 100 g. The loose movable plate is not normal and should not happen with normal use. We may need to take the stage back for inspection and repair. I have reached out to you directly for more troubleshooting.
edoardo sotgiu  (posted 2021-03-30 10:33:42.137)
Dear Thorlabs, as experienced by many other users (user (posted 2021-03-10 11:35:33.88), sun fangyuan (posted 2021-03-03 13:28:41.307), Peng Zhu (posted 2020-12-17 13:15:07.46), ...) the speed differs a lot along the two directions (back and fore). In the datasheet is reported that the step size can suffer for a variability of around 20%, but the error here seems even larger (let's say around 50%): " Due to the open loop design, piezo hysteresis, component variance, and application conditions, the achieved step size of the system may vary by over 20% and is not normally repeatable." Being under warranty, I would like to send you back to verify the stages here are working properly or if they are affected by some weird condition. Anyway, do you think in the very close future such actuators will be provided with a close loop control? I mean, I would expect an update on the firmware and in case also on the electromechanical components (sensors) on the items we've already bought. Thank you Regards
nreusch  (posted 2021-04-06 04:12:10.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs, we will update some application note on the web about PD1 usage, and in the meanwhile, we will contact you for an inspection of the item. A closed loop version would help and it is something under our new product release plan.
user  (posted 2021-03-10 11:35:33.88)
Currently using 3x PD1Z and a PDR1 with KIM101 controller. We are experiencing similar issues as mentioned by other users in that the moving speeds differ going forwards and backwards (and up and down). This is using the native Kinesis (issue also present when using APT) software. Also found that the "home" command in the provided Kinesis package does not function. Could you please reach out to resolve this issue?
YLohia  (posted 2021-03-15 11:01:53.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs. We have reached out to you directly to troubleshoot this further.
MICHAEL VALOIS  (posted 2021-03-04 16:36:33.223)
I'm having trouble importing the STEP file for your PD1 stage. Could you send a Parasolid or ACIS file? Thanks, Mike Valois
YLohia  (posted 2021-03-17 02:22:13.0)
Hello, thank you for contacting Thorlabs. We will reach out to you directly with a Parasolid file.
sun fangyuan  (posted 2021-03-03 13:28:41.307)
Hi, when i use the KIM100 (using APT software) to control PD1/M, but the repeatability of the stage is worse. Do you know how to get a solution?
YLohia  (posted 2021-03-09 12:50:43.0)
Hello, thank you for contacting Thorlabs. Is the repeatability worse when using APT as opposed to Kinesis? If so, by how much? Are you using the KIM101 controller? We have reached out to you to troubleshoot this further.
Peng Zhu  (posted 2020-12-17 13:15:07.46)
We ordered PD1/M with KIM101 controller, We place the PD1/M horizontally, but found the moving speeds of forward and backward had a huge difference. Forward speed is approx 3~4 times than backward speed. Is this device are defect? Or how to fixed it?
YLohia  (posted 2020-12-22 11:38:38.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs. For this PD1 stages, the mechanics tolerance and assembly variation will cause 30%-50% difference in speed for both directions of travel under 2000 step/s. For a low speed and acceleration rate, the speed difference between two directions will be even larger. The behavior you are seeing may be related to the improper settings. We have reached out to you directly to troubleshoot this issue.
Yoonhyuk Rah  (posted 2020-10-26 21:33:27.943)
The KIM101 controller says it can control the voltage from 85V to 125V. Does this mean that if I connect the KIM101 to the PD1 stage, the KIM101 piezo voltage will control the step size length and when I move the stage it will move in a step like motion? Also can the piezo voltage be set to smaller than 85V?
YLohia  (posted 2020-11-03 09:48:06.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs. Yes, you are correct. The drive voltage will control the step size length and the step size can be increased by up to about 30% by changing the piezo drive voltage. Continuous motion is achieved through "continuous stepping". Due to the open loop design, piezo hysteresis, component variance, and application conditions, the achieved step size of the system may vary by over 20% and is generally not repeatable. The output voltage range of KIM101 is 85 to 125 V -- unfortunately, it cannot be set to smaller than 85 V.
Pavlo Zolotavin  (posted 2020-10-13 18:14:38.057)
I am using three PD1/M modules for XYZ positioning. Every time I move in the XY direction the Z-direction piezo is slipping downward. I don't exceed the 100g weight limit, but it still does not stay fixed (it slides down even without anything attached to it). As of right now the whole system is unusable as an XYZ positioner. Any suggestions on how to avoid this? Thanks
YLohia  (posted 2020-10-15 09:21:58.0)
Hello, thank you for contacting Thorlabs. We are sorry to hear about the issues you are experiencing with this. We have reached out to you directly to troubleshoot this further.
Gregory Lafyatis  (posted 2020-09-17 11:53:32.913)
ORIC® 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive Have you tried using these at cryogenic temperatures (4K) ? I know the piezo effect is significantly reduced and probably cable needs replacing but if they work at all they'd be very useful.
YLohia  (posted 2020-09-23 08:39:28.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs. We have not tested this stage at cryogenic temperatures. The recommended temperature range is 10-40 °C due to the limitations of the piezo, as well as the electronics. In 4K cryogenic applications, the resultant shorter displacement could have a huge impact on force and speed performance.
Chun-Cheng Chu  (posted 2019-11-25 07:39:41.433)
Hello, I want to know whether this stage is vacuum compatible or not. Thank you.
nbayconich  (posted 2019-11-25 03:24:15.0)
Thank you for contacting Thorlabs. The PD1 is not designed for vacuum use. It also has anti-rust oil that is unsuitable for vacuum. I will reach out to you directly.
Shiyang Zhong  (posted 2019-09-17 03:40:28.49)
Is PD1 stages compatible with 10^-6 mbar vacuum? If not, is there a vaccum compatible version? Thank you.
YLohia  (posted 2019-09-19 08:44:06.0)
Hello, the PD1 is not designed for vacuum use. It also has anti-rust oil that is unsuitable for vacuum. We will reach out to you directly to discuss the possibility of offering a vacuum compatible option as a special.

Motorized Linear Translation Stages

Thorlabs' motorized linear translation stages are offered in a range of maximum travel distances, from a stage with 20 µm of piezo translation to our 600 mm direct drive stage. Many of these stages can be assembled in multi-axis configurations, providing XY or XYZ translation. For fiber coupling applications, please see our multi-axis stages, which offer finer adjustment than our standard motorized translation stages. In addition to motorized linear translation stages, we offer motorized rotation stages, pitch and yaw platforms, and goniometers. We also offer manual translation stages.

Piezo Stages

These stages incorporate piezoelectric elements in a variety of drive mechanisms. Our Nanoflex™ translation stages use standard piezo chips along with manual actuators. Our LPS710E z-axis stage features a mechanically amplified piezo design and includes a matched controller. The PD1 stage incorporates a piezo inertia drive that uses "stick-slip" friction properties to obtain an extended travel range. The Elliptec™ stages use resonant piezo motors to push and pull the moving platform through resonant elliptical motion.

Piezoelectric Stages
Product Family Nanoflex™ 20 µm Stage
with 5 mm Actuator
Nanoflex™ 25 µm Stage
with 1.5 mm Actuator
PD1 Open-Loop
20 mm Stage
PD1D Open-Loop
20 mm Monolithic XY Stage
PDX1 Closed-Loop
20 mm Stage
Click Photo
to Enlarge
Travel 20 µm + 5 mm Manual 25 µm + 1.5 mm Manual 20 mm
Maximum Velocity - 3 mm/s 20 mm/s
Drive Type Piezo with Manual Actuator Piezoelectric Inertia Drive
Possible Axis Configurations X, XY, XYZ X, XY, XYZ XY, XYZ X, XY, XYZ
Additional Details
Piezoelectric Stages
Product Family Elliptec™ 28 mm Stage Elliptec™ 60 mm Stage LPS710E 1.1 mm Vertical Stage
Click Photo
to Enlarge
Travel 28 mm 60.0 mm 1.1 mm
Maximum Velocity 180 mm/s 90 mm/s -
Drive Type Resonant Piezoelectric Motor Amplified Piezo
Possible Axis Configurations X Z
Additional Details

Stepper Motor Stages

These translation stages feature removable or integrated stepper motors and long travel ranges up to 300 mm. The MLJ150 stage also offers high load capacity vertical translation. The other stages can be assembled into multi-axis configurations.

Stepper Motor Stages
Product Family LNR Series
25 mm Stage
LNR Series
50 mm Stage
NRT Series
100 mm Stage
NRT Series
150 mm Stage
LTS Series
150 mm Stage
LTS Series
300 mm Stage
MLJ150
50 mm Vertical Stage
Click Photo
to Enlarge
Travel 25 mm 50 mm 100 mm 150 mm 150 mm 300 mm 50 mm
Maximum Velocity 2.0 mm/s 50 mm/s 30 mm/s 50 mm/s 3.0 mm/s
Possible Axis
Configurations
X, XY, XYZ X, XY, XYZ X, XY, XYZ X, XY, XYZ Z
Additional Details

DC Servo Motor Stages

Thorlabs offers linear translation stages with removable or integrated DC servo motors. These stages feature low profiles and can be assembled in multi-axis configurations.

DC Servo Motor Stages
Product Family MT Series
12 mm Stages
PT Series
25 mm Stages
MTS Series
25 mm Stage
MTS Series
50 mm Stage
M30XY
30 mm XY Stage
KVS30
30 mm Vertical Stage
Click Photo
to Enlarge
Travel 12 mm 25 mm 25 mm 50 mm 30 mm 30 mm
Maximum Velocity 2.6 mm/s 2.4 mm/s 2.4 mm/s 8.0 mm/s
Possible Axis Configurations X, XY, XYZ X, XY, XYZ XY, XZ Z
Additional Details

Direct Drive Stages

These low-profile stages feature integrated brushless DC servo motors for high speed translation with zero backlash. When no power is applied, the platforms of these stages have very little inertia and are virtually free running. Hence these stages may not be suitable for applications where the stage's platform needs to remain in a set position when the power is off. We do not recommend mounting these stages vertically.

Direct Drive Stages
Product Family DDS Series
50 mm Stage
DDS Series
100 mm Stage
DDS Series
220 mm Stage
DDS Series
300 mm Stage
DDS Series
600 mm Stage
Click Photo
to Enlarge
Travel 50 mm 100 mm 220 mm 300 mm 600 mm
Maximum Velocity 500 mm/s 300 mm/s 400 mm/s 400 mm/s
Possible Axis Configurations X, XY X, XY X X
Additional Details

20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive


Click for Details

PD1(/M) Top Plate Schematic. Dimensions for the metric stage are given in parentheses.
  • Open-Loop Operation Supported
  • Provides High-Resolution Positioning
  • <5 mrad XY Stacked Orthogonality
  • Speeds Up to 3 mm/s when Driven with KIMx01 Controller
  • Integrated 1 m (3.3 ft) Cable with SMC Female Connector
  • Requires the KIM001, KIM101, or PDXC Piezo Inertia Controller (Sold Separately Below)
  • Includes:
    • Two 2-56 (M2) Mounting Screws
    • Two 8-32 (M4) Mounting Screws
    • Two Ø2 mm Dowel Pins

This ORIC® open-loop piezo inertia stage can support loads up to 3 kg, operates with no backlash, and can achieve speeds up to 3 mm/s when driven with a KIMx01 controller. The piezo inertia drive is self-locking when the stage is at rest and no power is supplied to the piezo, making these actuators ideal for set-and-hold applications that require micrometer resolution and long-term alignment stability. See the Specs tab for detailed specifications.

The stage should be placed on a surface with flatness ≤5 µm. If needed, the PD1B(/M) mouting base (sold separately below) will provide a flat surface for the stage to reduce stage warping. Along with this, we also offer alternative top plate adapters and a right-angle bracket adapter.

Each stage has an integrated 1.0 m cable; 1.5 m SMC extension cables (Item # PAA101) and male-to-male SMC adapters (Item # T5026) are also available. Please note that, due to the capacitance of the cables, the total length of the control cable should not exceed 2.5 m.

The PD1(/M) stage is compatible with all three of the controllers offered on this page: the KIM001 Single-Channel K-Cube™ Piezo Inertia Motor Controller, KIM101 Four-Channel K-Cube Piezo Inertia Motor Controller, and the PDXC Piezo Inertia Stage Controller. The KIM101 controller must be the 2019 or newer version and revision 010003 or higher firmware. Earlier versions of this controller or those with older firmware will not function properly and may cause failure of the stage and/or the controller. The specifications for this stage were measured using the KIM101 K-Cube™ Controller (see the Specs tab for details); similar performance is provided by the KIM001 controller. Since the PDXC operates at higher frequencies but outputs a lower maximum voltage than the K-Cube controllers, it is capable of driving the PD1(/M) stage at a higher speed with a smaller step size and lower driving force.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available
PD1 Support Documentation
PD1ORIC 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive, Imperial
$710.70
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available
PD1/M Support Documentation
PD1/MORIC 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive, Metric
$710.70
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20 mm XY Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive


Click for Details

PD1D(/M) Top Plate Schematic. Dimensions for the metric stage are given in parentheses.
  • Open-Loop Operation Supported
  • Monolithic XY Stage with ≤2 mrad Orthogonality
  • Provides High-Resolution Dual-Axis Positioning
  • Speeds Up to 3 mm/s when Driven with KIMx01 Controller
  • Integrated 1 m (3.3 ft) Cables with SMC Female Connectors
  • Requires Two KIM001, One KIM101, or One PDXC Piezo Inertia Controller(s) (Sold Separately Below)
  • Includes:
    • Two 2-56 (M2) Mounting Screws
    • Two 8-32 (M4) Mounting Screws
    • Two Ø2 mm Dowel Pins

This ORIC® open-loop, piezo inertia, monolithic XY stage can support loads up to 3 kg, operates with no backlash, and can achieve speeds up to 3 mm/s when driven with a KIMx01 controller. The piezo inertia drive is self-locking when the stage is at rest and no power is supplied to the piezo, making these actuators ideal for set-and-hold applications that require micrometer resolution and long-term alignment stability. See the Specs tab for detailed specifications. Note that the PD1D(/M) stage is monolithic and cannot be disassembled into two single-axis stages.

The stage should be placed on a surface with flatness ≤5 µm. If needed, the PD1B(/M) mouting base (sold separately below) will provide a flat surface for the stage to reduce stage warping. Along with this, we also offer alternative top plate adapters and a right-angle bracket adapter.

Each stage has integrated 1.0 m cables; 1.5 m SMC extension cables (Item # PAA101) and male-to-male SMC adapters (Item # T5026) are also available. Please note that, due to the capacitance of the cables, the total length of the control cable should not exceed 2.5 m.

The PD1D(/M) stage is compatible with all three of the controllers offered on this page: the KIM001 Single-Channel K-Cube™ Piezo Inertia Motor Controller, KIM101 Four-Channel K-Cube Piezo Inertia Motor Controller, and the PDXC Piezo Inertia Stage Controller. The KIM101 controller must be the 2019 or newer version and revision 010003 or higher firmware. Earlier versions of this controller or those with older firmware will not function properly and may cause failure of the stage and/or the controller. The specifications for this stage were measured using the KIM101 K-Cube™ Controller (see the Specs tab for details); similar performance is provided by the KIM001 controller. Since the PDXC operates at higher frequencies but outputs a lower maximum voltage than the K-Cube controllers, it is capable of driving the PD1D(/M) stage at a higher speed with a smaller step size and lower driving force.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available
PD1D Support Documentation
PD1DNEW!ORIC 20 mm Monolithic XY Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive, Imperial
$1,530.00
Lead Time
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available
PD1D/M Support Documentation
PD1D/MNEW!ORIC 20 mm Monolithic XY Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive, Metric
$1,530.00
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20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive and Optical Encoder


Click for Details

PDX1(/M) Top Plate Schematic. Dimensions for the metric stage are given in parentheses.
  • Open- and Closed-Loop Operation Supported
  • Optical Encoder Provides Resolution Up to 10 nm
  • <5 mrad XY Stacked Orthogonality
  • Moves at a Speed of Up to 20 mm/s
  • Integrated 1.5 m (5.0 ft) Cable with D-Sub Female Connector
  • Requires the PDXC Piezo Inertia Controller (Sold Separately Below)
  • Includes:
    • Two 2-56 (M2) Mounting Screws
    • Two 8-32 (M4) Mounting Screws
    • Three M1.4 Cap Screws
    • Two Ø2 mm Dowel Pins

This ORIC® piezo inertia stage with an optical encoder is able to operate in both open- and closed-loop modes, can support loads up to 3 kg, and operate at speeds up to 20 mm/s with no backlash. The piezo inertia drive is self-locking when the stage is at rest and no power is supplied to the piezo, making these actuators ideal for set-and-hold applications that require nanometer resolution and long-term alignment stability. See the Specs tab for detailed specifications.

The stage should be placed on a surface with flatness ≤5 µm. If needed, the PD1B(/M) mouting base (sold separately below) will provide a flat surface for the stage to reduce stage warping. Along with this, we also offer alternative top plate adapters and a right-angle bracket adapter.

Each stage has an integrated 1.5 m cable. Please note that, due to the capacitance of the cables, the total length of the control cable should not exceed 4.5 m.

Note: The PDX1(/M) stages are only compatible with the PDXC controller, and are not compatible with the KIM001 and KIM101 controllers sold on this page.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available
PDX1 Support Documentation
PDX1ORIC 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive and Optical Encoder, Imperial
$1,917.00
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available
PDX1/M Support Documentation
PDX1/M ORIC 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive and Optical Encoder, Metric
$1,917.00
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Adapter Plates


Click to Enlarge

Mirror in POLARIS-B05S Fixed Optic Mount on PD1U Adapter Plate with PDX1 Stage

Click for Details

PD1T and PD1T/M Adapter Plate Schematics

Click for Details

PD1U Adapter Plate Schematic. Dimensions for the metric adapter plate are given in parentheses.
  • Provide Different Mounting Hole Patterns
  • Match 30 mm x 30 mm Footprint of Piezo Stage
  • Each Adapter Includes Two 2-56 (M2) Mounting Screws and Two Ø2 mm Dowel Pins

These adapter plates provide alternative mounting holes for the PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), and PDX1(/M) stages. Each adapter matches the footprint of the stage and can be secured to the the top or bottom of the stage using the two included 2-56 (M2) cap screws in the mounting counterbores near the corners.

The PD1T imperial adapter plate features a central 8-32 tapped hole and sixteen 4-40 tapped holes, four of which are spaced for 16 mm cage systems. The metric version features a central M4 tapped hole, ten M2 mounting taps, four M3 mounting taps, and four 4-40 taps with 16 mm cage system spacing.

The PD1U imperial adapter plate features four 6-32 and four 8-32 tapped holes in a cross pattern; the metric version features eight M4 tapped holes in the same layout. The bottom surface features five #8 (M4) counterbores, as well as four Ø2 mm dowel pin holes for alignment. See the drawing above for more details.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available
PD1T Support Documentation
PD1T3.0 mm Thick Adapter Plate for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Imperial
$44.00
5-8 Days
PD1U Support Documentation
PD1U8.5 mm Thick Adapter Plate for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Imperial
$56.00
Lead Time
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PD1T/M Support Documentation
PD1T/M3.0 mm Thick Adapter Plate for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Metric
$44.00
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PD1U/M Support Documentation
PD1U/M8.5 mm Thick Adapter Plate for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Metric
$56.00
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Mounting Adapters


Click to Enlarge

PD1 Stage Mounted to
PD1B Adapter

Click for Details

PD1B2(/M) Mounting Adapter Schematic. Dimensions for the metric stage are given in parentheses.

Click for Details

PD1B(/M) Mounting Adapter Schematic. Dimensions for the metric stage are given in parentheses.
  • Provide Flat Surface for Mounting PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), or PDX1(/M) Stage
  • Two Versions Available:
    • PD1B(/M): #8 (M4) Mounting Slot
    • PD1B2(/M): 1/4" (M6) Mounting Slots and 1/4"-20 (M6 x 1.0) Threaded Mounting Hole
  • Screws and Washers for Breadboard Mounting Included
    • PD1B(/M): Two 8-32 (M4) Screws and Two #8 (M4) Washers
    • PD1B2(/M): Two 1/4"-20 (M6) Screws and Two 1/4" (M6) Washers

These adapters provide a flat surface for mounting the PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), and PDX1(/M) stages. The PD1B(/M) adapter features a #8 (M4) mounting slot and the PD1B2(/M) adapter features 1/4" (M6) mounting slots and a 1/4"-20 (M6 x 1.0) threaded mounting hole. If the stage is mounted on a surface with >5 µm flatness (as with most breadboards and optical tables), the velocity variation and pitch/yaw of the stage may suffer due to the stage warping. Mounting the stage on these adapters drastically reduces the amount the stage warps when mounted on a table or breadboard with insufficient flatness.

The stage can be mounted to the adapter using two 2-56 (M2) screws near the corners with a maximum of 0.35 N·m torque. Alternatively, two 8-32 (M4) screws can be used on either end of the stage with up to 0.55 N·m torque. Two cap screws and washers are included with each adapter for breadboard or optical table mounting.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available
PD1B Support Documentation
PD1BMounting Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, #8 Mounting Slot
$67.10
5-8 Days
PD1B2 Support Documentation
PD1B2NEW!Mounting Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, 1/4"-20 Mounting Features
$90.00
5-8 Days
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available
PD1B/M Support Documentation
PD1B/MMounting Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, M4 Mounting Slot
$67.10
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PD1B2/M Support Documentation
PD1B2/MNEW!Mounting Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, M6 x 1.0 Mounting Features
$90.00
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Right-Angle Bracket Adapter


Click to Enlarge

View Imperial Product List
Item #QtyDescription
PD13ORIC 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive, Imperial
PD1Z1Right-Angle Bracket Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Imperial
View Metric Product List
Item #QtyDescription
PD1/M3ORIC 20 mm Linear Stage with Piezoelectric Inertia Drive, Metric
PD1Z/M1Right-Angle Bracket Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Metric
Three PD1(/M) Stages can be mounted in an XYZ configuration using the PD1Z(/M) adapter.

Click for Details

Schematic of Right-Angle Bracket's Vertical Face. Dimensions for the metric bracket are given in parentheses.
  • Connects PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), or PDX1(/M) Stages for 2-Axis or 3-Axis Configuration
  • Mounts PD1(/M) or PDX1(/M) Stage at 90° for Vertical or Horizontal Translation
  • Two 2-56 (M2) Mounting Screws Included

The PD1Z(/M) right-angle bracket allows the user to connect PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), or PDX1(/M) linear stages for XZ or XYZ applications. The PD1(/M) or PDX1(/M) stages can also be mounted at 90° for vertical or horizontal translation. The bracket can be secured to the breadboard or top plate of the stage using two 2-56 (M2) cap screws in the mounting counterbores near the corners. The vertical stage can be mounted on the bracket using the two included 2-56 (M2) cap screws in the mounting counterbores near the corners. Four Ø2 mm dowel pin holes are located on each face for precise alignment.

The piezo stage can be mounted on the right-angle bracket for either vertical or horizontal translation. The PD1T(/M) or PD1U(/M) adapter plate can also be mounted directly to the bracket.

Note that in an XYZ configuration, the locking plate of the bottom stage may interfere with the translation range of the vertical stage. Simply remove the locking plate to achieve the full range of translation in all three dimensions.

Note: When mounted vertically, long term usage (>3 billion steps) may cause creep of the rails, leading to decreased travel range. To avoid this, return the stage to a horizontal position and run it back and forth over the full range several times after approximately 1 billion steps in a vertical orientation. It is not recommended to mount the PD1D(/M) monolithic stage vertically because one axis will get a lateral force to the rails and may influence its angular error and even reduce the lifespan of the rail.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available
PD1Z Support Documentation
PD1ZRight-Angle Bracket Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Imperial
$86.00
5-8 Days
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available
PD1Z/M Support Documentation
PD1Z/MRight-Angle Bracket Adapter for 20 mm Piezo Inertia Stage, Metric
$86.00
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K-Cube™ Controllers for Piezo Inertia Stages and Actuators

Key Specificationsa
Item # KIM001 KIM101
Piezoelectric Outputs (SMC Male) One Four
Piezo Output Voltage 85 to 125 VDC 85 to 125 VDC per Channel
Top Panel Controls Scroll Wheel Dual-Axis Joystick
External Input
(SMA Female)
±10 V ± 2%
Input Power +15 VDC @ 2 A
Housing Dimensionsb
(W x D x H)
60.0 mm x 60.0 mm x 47.0 mm
(2.36" x 2.36" x 1.85")
121.0 mm x 60.0 mm x 47.0 mm
(4.76" x 2.36" x 1.85")
Compatible Software Kinesis & Legacy APT
  • For complete specifications, please see the manuals by clicking the red Docs icons () below.
  • Not Including Mounting Plate
  • Compact Footprints
  • Adjustable Voltage Output from 85 V to 125 V
  • Single-Channel and Four-Channel Versions Available
  • Standalone Operation via Top Panel Controls and Display or PC Control via USB Plug and Play
  • Compatible with the PD1(/M) Linear, PD1D(/M) Linear, and PDR1(/M) Rotation Stages*

These compact K-Cube Controllers provide easy manual and PC control of our piezo inertia stages that use SMC connectors*, piezo inertia actuators, and optic mounts. They feature adjustable voltage output from 85 V to 125 V. The top panel display screen enables operation as soon as the unit is turned on, without the need for connection to a PC. Alternatively, both controllers have USB connectivity that provides 'Plug-and-Play' PC-controlled operation with our Kinesis® software package (included). These controllers can also be operated with our legacy APT™ (Advanced Positioning Technology) software package.

These units have small footprints and may be mounted directly to the optical table using the 1/4" (M6) counterbored slots in the base plate. Their compact size allows these controllers to be positioned close to the motorized system for added convenience when manually adjusting motor positions using the top panel controls. Tabletop operation also allows minimal drive cable lengths for easier cable management.

Please note that these controllers do not ship with a power supply. The compatible KPS101 power supply is sold below.

KIM001 Single-Channel Controller
This single-channel piezo inertia controller provides a voltage output for a single piezo inertia stage or actuator. The top panel features a spring-loaded scroll wheel for driving the stage or actuator as well as selecting menu options.

KIM101 Four-Channel Controller
This four-channel controller features four SMC outputs to drive piezo inertia devices. The channels can be controlled independently or simultaneously in pairs using the dual-axis joystick on the controller's top panel. The controller can be configured to operate up to four PD series piezo inertia stages, up to four PIA seies piezo inertia actuators, or up to two PIM series piezo inertia optic mounts; one KIM101 can only concurrently drive devices that use the same "Select Stage" configuration in the controller's menu options (see the manuals for more details).

For more information, please see the full web presentation.

Operation
Set the stage configuration on the KIM001 or KIM101 controller to "PD(R)" before driving this stage. Select the "Select Stage" option, change it from "PIA" to "PD(R)", and then restart the controller. The display will show "Stage is PD(R)" and the configuration will be changed to drive the PD1(/M) linear or PD1R(/M) rotation stage. For additional front panel configuration details, please see the KIM001 or KIM101 controller manuals by clicking the red Docs icons () below. These drivers have an internal sawtooth voltage signal generator capable of sending sub-millisecond pulses (steps) with controllable amplitudes from 85 V to 125 V.

Power Supply
The KIM001 and KIM101 Motor Controllers do not ship with a power supply. A compatible power supply is our KPS101, sold below.

Note: Due to the nature of its design, and its non-linear high frequency switching, the KIM001 and KIM001 units are not compatible with the KCH301 and KCH601 hubs. Use only the KPS101 power supply unit. These controllers are also not compatible with the PDX1(/M) stage.

*The KIM001 and KIM101 controllers are not compatible with the PDX1(/M) Linear Stage with Optical Encoder.

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+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available
KIM001 Support Documentation
KIM001Customer Inspired! Single-Channel K-Cube Piezo Inertia Motor Controller (Power Supply Sold Separately)
$747.00
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KIM101 Support Documentation
KIM101Four-Channel K-Cube Piezo Inertia Motor Controller (Power Supply Sold Separately)
$1,058.78
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Compatible Power Supply

  • Power Supply Compatible with KIM001 and KIM101 Motor Controllers
  • Universal Input: 90 - 264 VAC
  • Interchangeable AC Plug

The KPS101 power supply outputs +15 VDC at up to 2.4 A and can power a single K-Cube or T-Cube with a 3.5 mm jack. It plugs into a standard wall outlet.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available
KPS101 Support Documentation
KPS10115 V, 2.4 A Power Supply Unit with 3.5 mm Jack Connector for One K- or T-Cube
$35.36
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PDXC Piezo Inertia Stage Controller

Key Specificationsa
SMC Port Number of Ports Two
Voltage 0 to 40 V
Frequency 20 kHz Max
D-Sub Port Number of Ports One
Voltage -10 to 50 V
Frequency 20 kHz Max
Max Current Limit 10 A
Front USB Type A, USB Host 2.0
Back USB Type B, USB Device 2.0
Voltage of Analog In/Out -10 to 10 V, ±2%
Voltage of Trigger In/Out 0 to 5 V, TTL
Input Power 100 - 240 VAC, 50 - 60 Hz
  • For complete specifications, please see the manual by clicking the red Docs icon () below.
  • Controller for PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), PDX1(/M), and PDR1(/M) Stages
  • Supports Both Open- and Closed-Loop Operation
  • SMC and 15-Pin D-Sub Ports Available

This controller is designed to control our piezo-inertia-driven linear stages [PD1(/M), PD1D(/M), and PDX1(/M)] and rotation stages [PDR1(/M)]. It offers two channels of open-loop stage control using SMC outputs and one channel of both open- and closed-loop stage control using a 15-pin D-Sub output.

Embedded software allows this unit to be fully controlled using the buttons, LCD display, and knob on the front panel. Alternatively, built-in external trigger modes support single-channel operation. By connecting multiple controllers together, multi-channel operation in D-Sub mode such as a raster scan is possible. Users can select the output port(s), switch between open-loop and closed-loop modes, and perform homing and encoder calibration without being connected to a PC. In addition to these on-unit controls, USB connectivity provides simple PC-control with our available software platform.

The unit comes with a compatible region-specific power cord. For all applications, use an IEC320 compatible power cord fitted with a plug appropriate for your particular power socket. Ensure the line voltage rating marked on the rear panel agrees with your local power supply.

For more information, please see our full web presentation.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available
PDXC Support Documentation
PDXCORIC® Piezo Inertia Stage Controller
$2,538.00
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