Create an Account  |   Log In

View All »Matching Part Numbers


Your Shopping Cart is Empty
         

Reflective Microscope Objectives


  • Image Without Introducing Chromatic Aberration
  • 15X or 40X Magnification
  • Infinite or 160 mm Back Focal Lengths
  • UV-Enhanced Aluminum and Silver Coatings Available

LMM-15X-P01

LMM-40X-UVV

Front

Back

LMM-40X-UVV Reflective Objective
Lens Mounted on an Objective Turret

LMM-40X-P01-160

Shown with Included Parfocal Extender

Related Items


Please Wait
Reflective Objective Vanes
Click to Enlarge

Front-Mounted Convex Mirror Held by Spider Vanes
(15X Objective Shown)
Reflective Objective Beam Diagram
Click to Enlarge

Reflective Objective Beam Diagram (15X Objective Shown)
Zemax Files
Click on the red Document icon next to the item numbers below to access the Zemax file download. Our entire Zemax Catalog is also available.

Features

  • 15X or 40X Magnification (0.30 NA or 0.50 NA, Respectively)
  • Infinite or 160 mm Back Focal Length
  • Schwarzschild Design for Near-Diffraction-Limited Performance
  • All-Reflective Optical Design Introduces No Chromatic Aberration
  • Two Broadband Reflective Coatings Available (See Specs Tab for Plots)
    • UV-Enhanced Aluminum: Rabsolute > 80% for 200 nm - 20 µm
    • Silver: Rabsolute > 96% for 450 nm - 20 µm
  • RMS (0.800"-36) Threads for Compatibility with Most Manufacturers' Microscopes

Applications

  • Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy
  • Semiconductor Wafer Inspection
  • Photolithography
  • Ellipsometric Thin Film Measurements
  • Hyperspectral Imaging
  • Thermal Imaging Microscopy
  • UV Fluorescence Imaging

Thorlabs' Reflective Microscope Objectives consist of reflective surfaces that focus light without introducing chromatic aberration. Based on the classical Schwarzschild design, these objectives are corrected for third-order spherical aberration, coma, and astigmatism, and have negligible higher-order aberrations, resulting in near-diffraction-limited performance. These advantages make them well suited for applications that require longer working distances than those provided by typical refractive objectives.

These lenses are designed for broadband applications and are available with one of two reflective coatings: a UV-enhanced aluminum coating for >80% absolute reflectance in the 200 nm - 20 µm wavelength range or a silver coating for >96% absolute reflectance in the 450 nm - 20 µm wavelength range (see the Specs tab for details). Note that this reflectance is for a single coated surface and incoming light is reflected by two coated surfaces. We offer two magnifications: 15X with a 0.30 numerical aperture (NA) and a 40X with a 0.50 NA.

These objectives are RMS threaded (0.800"-36) for compatibility with most manufacturers' microscopes. As shown in the image at the top of the page, the housings are engraved with the part number for easy identification. Our infinite back focal length objectives are ideal components of an infinity-corrected optical system in combination with our Tube Lens, while the 160 mm back focal length objectives are ideal for imaging applications where no refractive optical elements are desired.

The LMM-40X-UVV-160 and LMM-40X-P01-160 objectives are shipped with an attached PL15RMS Parfocal Length Extender. This extender allows objectives to match the parfocal lengths of any of the industry standards. Additionally, Thorlabs also offers a selection of thread adapters that convert from RMS threads to many other common thread standards, including our SM05 (0.535"-40) and SM1 (1.035"-40) threads.

Please note that the convex primary mirror after the input port (visible in the photo in the upper right corner of this tab) causes an obscuration (a blocked area) in the center of the imaging system. See the Wavefront Error tab for photos of the field of view including the obscuration. In a typical Gaussian beam, the obscuration reduces the total transmitted energy. If you have any concerns about integrating a reflective microscope objective into your setup, please contact Technical Support.

Cleaning and Storage
To clean these objectives, we recommend using an inert gas, such as nitrogen or argon, to blow away contaminants. Solvents and liquids should not be used. If inert gas is not sufficient, please contact Technical Support to inquire about returning the optic to Thorlabs for cleaning/testing. When not in use, we recommend that a dust cap be kept on the objective (included with objective). An objective case (OC2RMS lid and OC22 canister) and aluminum cap (RMSCP1) are available for purchase separately

Specifications
Magnificationa 15X 40X 15X 40X
Item # LMM-15X-UVV-160 LMM-15X-UVV LMM-40X-UVV-160 LMM-40X-UVV LMM-15X-P01-160 LMM-15X-P01 LMM-40X-P01-160 LMM-40X-P01
Wavelength Range 200 nm - 20 µm 450 nm - 20 µm
Numerical Aperture 0.30 0.50 0.30 0.50
Focal Length 13.3 mm 5.0 mm 13.3 mm 5.0 mm
Parfocal Distanceb 63.3 mm 45.0 mmc 30.0 mm 63.3 mm 45.0 mmc 30.0 mm
Back Focal Lengthb 160 mm Infinity 160 mmc Infinity 160 mm Infinity 160 mmc Infinity
Entrance Pupil Diameter 8.0 mm 5.1 mm 8.0 mm 5.1 mm
Working Distanceb 23.8 mm 7.8 mm 23.8 mm 7.8 mm
Field of View 1.2 mm 0.5 mm 1.2 mm 0.5 mm
Obscurationd 25% 22% 25% 22%
Transmitted Wavefront Error <λ/10 RMS at 200 nm <λ/14 RMS at 450 nm
Objective Threading RMS (0.800"-36)
Damage
Threshold
Pulsed 0.3 J/cm2
(355 nm, 10 ns, 10 Hz, Ø0.381 mm)
3 J/cm2
(1064 nm, 10 ns, 10 Hz, Ø1.000 mm)
CW - 1750 W/cm (1064 nm, Ø0.044 mm)
1500 W/cm (10.6 µm, Ø0.339 mm)
  • These values assume the use of a Tube Lens with f = 200 mm.
  • These quantities are defined by the drawing below.
  • These values include the PL15RMS Parfocal Length Extender that ships with the objective. Removing this extender reduces the parfocal length to 30.0 mm and increases the back focal length to 175 mm.
  • The ratio of the obscured (blocked) area to the unobscured (unblocked) area.
Reflective Microscope Objective Coating
Click to Enlarge

Click Here for Raw Data
The reflectance plot above shows the reflectance of the coated mirrors incorporated into our reflective microscope objectives. Please note that the data shown is per surface, i.e. for one reflection only. Light that enters the objective undergoes two reflections, which decreases the overall energy throughput from that shown here.
Reflective Microscope Objective Coating
Click to Enlarge

The diagram above illustrates the working distance, parfocal distance, and back focal length specifications for Thorlabs' Reflective Objectives.

Diffraction-Limited and Minimal Spherical Aberration, Coma, and Astigmatism
The interferograms shown below were taken with a 633 nm laser and used to calculate the performance at 200 nm, the shortest wavelength for these objectives. They measure the transmitted wavefront error of a 15X reflective objective (Item # LMM-15X-UVV, on the left) and a 40X reflective objective (Item # LMM-40X-UVV, on the right), to quantitatively show the diffraction-limited design of these objectives. The extracted values in the tables below represent the performance of typical objectives. The interferograms also show these objectives correct 3rd order Seidel aberrations, such as astigmatism and coma.

The intensity maps at the bottom right of each screenshot also show the obscured area in the center of the imaging system. The obscurations are caused by the convex mirror and the spider vane assembly holding the convex mirror in place.

Please note that the wavefront and aberration performance of these objectives is consistent regardless of the type of reflective coating, and thus the images and data below apply to the silver-coated (-P01) objectives as well as the UV-enhanced-aluminum-coated objectives (-UVV). The type of mirror coating primarily affects the light throughput at a given wavelength.

LMM-15X-UVV
Click to Enlarge

LMM-15X-UVV Interferogram with Measured Seidel Coefficients
LMM-40X-UVV
Click to Enlarge

LMM-40X-UVV Interferogram with Measured Seidel Coefficients

 

Sample LMM-15X-UVV Performancea
Transmitted Wavefront Error 0.038λ (RMS)
Sample LMM-40X-UVV Performancea
Transmitted Wavefront Error 0.041λ (RMS)
  • All values are given in terms of λ, taking λ = 200 nm, which is the shortest wavelength supported by our UV-enhanced-aluminum-coated objectives. These values therefore correspond to the worst-case performance.
 Damage Threshold Specifications
Coating Type Laser Type Damage Threshold
UV-Enhanced
Aluminum (-UVV)
Pulsed 0.3 J/cm2 (355 nm, 10 ns, 10 Hz, Ø0.381 mm)
Silver (-P01) Pulsed 3 J/cm2 (1064 nm, 10 ns, 10 Hz, Ø1.000 mm)
CWa 1750 W/cm (1064 nm, Ø0.044 mm)
1500 W/cm (10.6 µm, Ø0.339 mm)
  • The power density of your beam should be calculated in terms of W/cm. For an explanation of why the linear power density provides the best metric for long pulse and CW sources, please see the "Continuous Wave and Long-Pulse Lasers" section below.

Damage Threshold Data for Thorlabs' Reflective Objectives

The specifications to the right are measured data for the mirrors used in Thorlabs' reflective microscope objectives. Damage threshold specifications are constant for all objectives with a given coating type, regardless of magnification or other specs.

 

Laser Induced Damage Threshold Tutorial

The following is a general overview of how laser induced damage thresholds are measured and how the values may be utilized in determining the appropriateness of an optic for a given application. When choosing optics, it is important to understand the Laser Induced Damage Threshold (LIDT) of the optics being used. The LIDT for an optic greatly depends on the type of laser you are using. Continuous wave (CW) lasers typically cause damage from thermal effects (absorption either in the coating or in the substrate). Pulsed lasers, on the other hand, often strip electrons from the lattice structure of an optic before causing thermal damage. Note that the guideline presented here assumes room temperature operation and optics in new condition (i.e., within scratch-dig spec, surface free of contamination, etc.). Because dust or other particles on the surface of an optic can cause damage at lower thresholds, we recommend keeping surfaces clean and free of debris. For more information on cleaning optics, please see our Optics Cleaning tutorial.

Testing Method

Thorlabs' LIDT testing is done in compliance with ISO/DIS11254 and ISO 21254 specifications.

First, a low-power/energy beam is directed to the optic under test. The optic is exposed in 10 locations to this laser beam for 30 seconds (CW) or for a number of pulses (pulse repetition frequency specified). After exposure, the optic is examined by a microscope (~100X magnification) for any visible damage. The number of locations that are damaged at a particular power/energy level is recorded. Next, the power/energy is either increased or decreased and the optic is exposed at 10 new locations. This process is repeated until damage is observed. The damage threshold is then assigned to be the highest power/energy that the optic can withstand without causing damage. A histogram such as that below represents the testing of one BB1-E02 mirror.

LIDT metallic mirror
The photograph above is a protected aluminum-coated mirror after LIDT testing. In this particular test, it handled 0.43 J/cm2 (1064 nm, 10 ns pulse, 10 Hz, Ø1.000 mm) before damage.
LIDT BB1-E02
Example Test Data
Fluence # of Tested Locations Locations with Damage Locations Without Damage
1.50 J/cm2 10 0 10
1.75 J/cm2 10 0 10
2.00 J/cm2 10 0 10
2.25 J/cm2 10 1 9
3.00 J/cm2 10 1 9
5.00 J/cm2 10 9 1

According to the test, the damage threshold of the mirror was 2.00 J/cm2 (532 nm, 10 ns pulse, 10 Hz, Ø0.803 mm). Please keep in mind that these tests are performed on clean optics, as dirt and contamination can significantly lower the damage threshold of a component. While the test results are only representative of one coating run, Thorlabs specifies damage threshold values that account for coating variances.

Continuous Wave and Long-Pulse Lasers

When an optic is damaged by a continuous wave (CW) laser, it is usually due to the melting of the surface as a result of absorbing the laser's energy or damage to the optical coating (antireflection) [1]. Pulsed lasers with pulse lengths longer than 1 µs can be treated as CW lasers for LIDT discussions.

When pulse lengths are between 1 ns and 1 µs, laser-induced damage can occur either because of absorption or a dielectric breakdown (therefore, a user must check both CW and pulsed LIDT). Absorption is either due to an intrinsic property of the optic or due to surface irregularities; thus LIDT values are only valid for optics meeting or exceeding the surface quality specifications given by a manufacturer. While many optics can handle high power CW lasers, cemented (e.g., achromatic doublets) or highly absorptive (e.g., ND filters) optics tend to have lower CW damage thresholds. These lower thresholds are due to absorption or scattering in the cement or metal coating.

Linear Power Density Scaling

LIDT in linear power density vs. pulse length and spot size. For long pulses to CW, linear power density becomes a constant with spot size. This graph was obtained from [1].

Intensity Distribution

Pulsed lasers with high pulse repetition frequencies (PRF) may behave similarly to CW beams. Unfortunately, this is highly dependent on factors such as absorption and thermal diffusivity, so there is no reliable method for determining when a high PRF laser will damage an optic due to thermal effects. For beams with a high PRF both the average and peak powers must be compared to the equivalent CW power. Additionally, for highly transparent materials, there is little to no drop in the LIDT with increasing PRF.

In order to use the specified CW damage threshold of an optic, it is necessary to know the following:

  1. Wavelength of your laser
  2. Beam diameter of your beam (1/e2)
  3. Approximate intensity profile of your beam (e.g., Gaussian)
  4. Linear power density of your beam (total power divided by 1/e2 beam diameter)

Thorlabs expresses LIDT for CW lasers as a linear power density measured in W/cm. In this regime, the LIDT given as a linear power density can be applied to any beam diameter; one does not need to compute an adjusted LIDT to adjust for changes in spot size, as demonstrated by the graph to the right. Average linear power density can be calculated using the equation below. 

The calculation above assumes a uniform beam intensity profile. You must now consider hotspots in the beam or other non-uniform intensity profiles and roughly calculate a maximum power density. For reference, a Gaussian beam typically has a maximum power density that is twice that of the uniform beam (see lower right).

Now compare the maximum power density to that which is specified as the LIDT for the optic. If the optic was tested at a wavelength other than your operating wavelength, the damage threshold must be scaled appropriately. A good rule of thumb is that the damage threshold has a linear relationship with wavelength such that as you move to shorter wavelengths, the damage threshold decreases (i.e., a LIDT of 10 W/cm at 1310 nm scales to 5 W/cm at 655 nm):

CW Wavelength Scaling

While this rule of thumb provides a general trend, it is not a quantitative analysis of LIDT vs wavelength. In CW applications, for instance, damage scales more strongly with absorption in the coating and substrate, which does not necessarily scale well with wavelength. While the above procedure provides a good rule of thumb for LIDT values, please contact Tech Support if your wavelength is different from the specified LIDT wavelength. If your power density is less than the adjusted LIDT of the optic, then the optic should work for your application. 

Please note that we have a buffer built in between the specified damage thresholds online and the tests which we have done, which accommodates variation between batches. Upon request, we can provide individual test information and a testing certificate. The damage analysis will be carried out on a similar optic (customer's optic will not be damaged). Testing may result in additional costs or lead times. Contact Tech Support for more information.

Pulsed Lasers

As previously stated, pulsed lasers typically induce a different type of damage to the optic than CW lasers. Pulsed lasers often do not heat the optic enough to damage it; instead, pulsed lasers produce strong electric fields capable of inducing dielectric breakdown in the material. Unfortunately, it can be very difficult to compare the LIDT specification of an optic to your laser. There are multiple regimes in which a pulsed laser can damage an optic and this is based on the laser's pulse length. The highlighted columns in the table below outline the relevant pulse lengths for our specified LIDT values.

Pulses shorter than 10-9 s cannot be compared to our specified LIDT values with much reliability. In this ultra-short-pulse regime various mechanics, such as multiphoton-avalanche ionization, take over as the predominate damage mechanism [2]. In contrast, pulses between 10-7 s and 10-4 s may cause damage to an optic either because of dielectric breakdown or thermal effects. This means that both CW and pulsed damage thresholds must be compared to the laser beam to determine whether the optic is suitable for your application.

Pulse Duration t < 10-9 s 10-9 < t < 10-7 s 10-7 < t < 10-4 s t > 10-4 s
Damage Mechanism Avalanche Ionization Dielectric Breakdown Dielectric Breakdown or Thermal Thermal
Relevant Damage Specification No Comparison (See Above) Pulsed Pulsed and CW CW

When comparing an LIDT specified for a pulsed laser to your laser, it is essential to know the following:

Energy Density Scaling

LIDT in energy density vs. pulse length and spot size. For short pulses, energy density becomes a constant with spot size. This graph was obtained from [1].

  1. Wavelength of your laser
  2. Energy density of your beam (total energy divided by 1/e2 area)
  3. Pulse length of your laser
  4. Pulse repetition frequency (prf) of your laser
  5. Beam diameter of your laser (1/e2 )
  6. Approximate intensity profile of your beam (e.g., Gaussian)

The energy density of your beam should be calculated in terms of J/cm2. The graph to the right shows why expressing the LIDT as an energy density provides the best metric for short pulse sources. In this regime, the LIDT given as an energy density can be applied to any beam diameter; one does not need to compute an adjusted LIDT to adjust for changes in spot size. This calculation assumes a uniform beam intensity profile. You must now adjust this energy density to account for hotspots or other nonuniform intensity profiles and roughly calculate a maximum energy density. For reference a Gaussian beam typically has a maximum energy density that is twice that of the 1/e2 beam.

Now compare the maximum energy density to that which is specified as the LIDT for the optic. If the optic was tested at a wavelength other than your operating wavelength, the damage threshold must be scaled appropriately [3]. A good rule of thumb is that the damage threshold has an inverse square root relationship with wavelength such that as you move to shorter wavelengths, the damage threshold decreases (i.e., a LIDT of 1 J/cm2 at 1064 nm scales to 0.7 J/cm2 at 532 nm):

Pulse Wavelength Scaling

You now have a wavelength-adjusted energy density, which you will use in the following step.

Beam diameter is also important to know when comparing damage thresholds. While the LIDT, when expressed in units of J/cm², scales independently of spot size; large beam sizes are more likely to illuminate a larger number of defects which can lead to greater variances in the LIDT [4]. For data presented here, a <1 mm beam size was used to measure the LIDT. For beams sizes greater than 5 mm, the LIDT (J/cm2) will not scale independently of beam diameter due to the larger size beam exposing more defects.

The pulse length must now be compensated for. The longer the pulse duration, the more energy the optic can handle. For pulse widths between 1 - 100 ns, an approximation is as follows:

Pulse Length Scaling

Use this formula to calculate the Adjusted LIDT for an optic based on your pulse length. If your maximum energy density is less than this adjusted LIDT maximum energy density, then the optic should be suitable for your application. Keep in mind that this calculation is only used for pulses between 10-9 s and 10-7 s. For pulses between 10-7 s and 10-4 s, the CW LIDT must also be checked before deeming the optic appropriate for your application.

Please note that we have a buffer built in between the specified damage thresholds online and the tests which we have done, which accommodates variation between batches. Upon request, we can provide individual test information and a testing certificate. Contact Tech Support for more information.


[1] R. M. Wood, Optics and Laser Tech. 29, 517 (1998).
[2] Roger M. Wood, Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials (Institute of Physics Publishing, Philadelphia, PA, 2003).
[3] C. W. Carr et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003).
[4] N. Bloembergen, Appl. Opt. 12, 661 (1973).

In order to illustrate the process of determining whether a given laser system will damage an optic, a number of example calculations of laser induced damage threshold are given below. For assistance with performing similar calculations, we provide a spreadsheet calculator that can be downloaded by clicking the button to the right. To use the calculator, enter the specified LIDT value of the optic under consideration and the relevant parameters of your laser system in the green boxes. The spreadsheet will then calculate a linear power density for CW and pulsed systems, as well as an energy density value for pulsed systems. These values are used to calculate adjusted, scaled LIDT values for the optics based on accepted scaling laws. This calculator assumes a Gaussian beam profile, so a correction factor must be introduced for other beam shapes (uniform, etc.). The LIDT scaling laws are determined from empirical relationships; their accuracy is not guaranteed. Remember that absorption by optics or coatings can significantly reduce LIDT in some spectral regions. These LIDT values are not valid for ultrashort pulses less than one nanosecond in duration.

Intensity Distribution
A Gaussian beam profile has about twice the maximum intensity of a uniform beam profile.

CW Laser Example
Suppose that a CW laser system at 1319 nm produces a 0.5 W Gaussian beam that has a 1/e2 diameter of 10 mm. A naive calculation of the average linear power density of this beam would yield a value of 0.5 W/cm, given by the total power divided by the beam diameter:

CW Wavelength Scaling

However, the maximum power density of a Gaussian beam is about twice the maximum power density of a uniform beam, as shown in the graph to the right. Therefore, a more accurate determination of the maximum linear power density of the system is 1 W/cm.

An AC127-030-C achromatic doublet lens has a specified CW LIDT of 350 W/cm, as tested at 1550 nm. CW damage threshold values typically scale directly with the wavelength of the laser source, so this yields an adjusted LIDT value:

CW Wavelength Scaling

The adjusted LIDT value of 350 W/cm x (1319 nm / 1550 nm) = 298 W/cm is significantly higher than the calculated maximum linear power density of the laser system, so it would be safe to use this doublet lens for this application.

Pulsed Nanosecond Laser Example: Scaling for Different Pulse Durations
Suppose that a pulsed Nd:YAG laser system is frequency tripled to produce a 10 Hz output, consisting of 2 ns output pulses at 355 nm, each with 1 J of energy, in a Gaussian beam with a 1.9 cm beam diameter (1/e2). The average energy density of each pulse is found by dividing the pulse energy by the beam area:

Pulse Energy Density

As described above, the maximum energy density of a Gaussian beam is about twice the average energy density. So, the maximum energy density of this beam is ~0.7 J/cm2.

The energy density of the beam can be compared to the LIDT values of 1 J/cm2 and 3.5 J/cm2 for a BB1-E01 broadband dielectric mirror and an NB1-K08 Nd:YAG laser line mirror, respectively. Both of these LIDT values, while measured at 355 nm, were determined with a 10 ns pulsed laser at 10 Hz. Therefore, an adjustment must be applied for the shorter pulse duration of the system under consideration. As described on the previous tab, LIDT values in the nanosecond pulse regime scale with the square root of the laser pulse duration:

Pulse Length Scaling

This adjustment factor results in LIDT values of 0.45 J/cm2 for the BB1-E01 broadband mirror and 1.6 J/cm2 for the Nd:YAG laser line mirror, which are to be compared with the 0.7 J/cm2 maximum energy density of the beam. While the broadband mirror would likely be damaged by the laser, the more specialized laser line mirror is appropriate for use with this system.

Pulsed Nanosecond Laser Example: Scaling for Different Wavelengths
Suppose that a pulsed laser system emits 10 ns pulses at 2.5 Hz, each with 100 mJ of energy at 1064 nm in a 16 mm diameter beam (1/e2) that must be attenuated with a neutral density filter. For a Gaussian output, these specifications result in a maximum energy density of 0.1 J/cm2. The damage threshold of an NDUV10A Ø25 mm, OD 1.0, reflective neutral density filter is 0.05 J/cm2 for 10 ns pulses at 355 nm, while the damage threshold of the similar NE10A absorptive filter is 10 J/cm2 for 10 ns pulses at 532 nm. As described on the previous tab, the LIDT value of an optic scales with the square root of the wavelength in the nanosecond pulse regime:

Pulse Wavelength Scaling

This scaling gives adjusted LIDT values of 0.08 J/cm2 for the reflective filter and 14 J/cm2 for the absorptive filter. In this case, the absorptive filter is the best choice in order to avoid optical damage.

Pulsed Microsecond Laser Example
Consider a laser system that produces 1 µs pulses, each containing 150 µJ of energy at a repetition rate of 50 kHz, resulting in a relatively high duty cycle of 5%. This system falls somewhere between the regimes of CW and pulsed laser induced damage, and could potentially damage an optic by mechanisms associated with either regime. As a result, both CW and pulsed LIDT values must be compared to the properties of the laser system to ensure safe operation.

If this relatively long-pulse laser emits a Gaussian 12.7 mm diameter beam (1/e2) at 980 nm, then the resulting output has a linear power density of 5.9 W/cm and an energy density of 1.2 x 10-4 J/cm2 per pulse. This can be compared to the LIDT values for a WPQ10E-980 polymer zero-order quarter-wave plate, which are 5 W/cm for CW radiation at 810 nm and 5 J/cm2 for a 10 ns pulse at 810 nm. As before, the CW LIDT of the optic scales linearly with the laser wavelength, resulting in an adjusted CW value of 6 W/cm at 980 nm. On the other hand, the pulsed LIDT scales with the square root of the laser wavelength and the square root of the pulse duration, resulting in an adjusted value of 55 J/cm2 for a 1 µs pulse at 980 nm. The pulsed LIDT of the optic is significantly greater than the energy density of the laser pulse, so individual pulses will not damage the wave plate. However, the large average linear power density of the laser system may cause thermal damage to the optic, much like a high-power CW beam.


Posted Comments:
a.c.frangeskou  (posted 2017-02-02 06:18:19.603)
Hi, I'd like to clarify if the intensity profile you show on the wave-front error is the intensity profile at the focus of the objective. Does this mean it has a dark spot in the middle of the focus? Thanks.
tcampbell  (posted 2017-02-03 04:42:08.0)
Response from Tim at Thorlabs: thank you for your feedback. There is a dark spot in the center of the beam profile due to the objective design. The Overview tab shows a cross-section diagram that may help clarify why this dark spot occurs.
f.liu-2  (posted 2016-07-10 04:50:51.82)
Hello, I plan to use this objective to focus a ns pulsed laser beam at 126 nm. Can you estimate the reflectance at this wavelength? Thanks.
jlow  (posted 2016-07-12 08:06:37.0)
Response from Jeremy at Thorlabs: The reflectance would be around 0% at 126nm.
david.panak  (posted 2016-06-06 09:20:41.02)
i would like to use this reflective objective to couple out of one of your MIR (na=0.26) fibers. Do you have a mounting system that could hold the fiber connector as well as the objective lens at the correct (adjustable) distance?
besembeson  (posted 2016-06-08 09:12:08.0)
Response from Bweh at Thorlabs USA: We have several mounting adapters (http://www.thorlabs.com/navigation.cfm?guide_ID=2327) and terminated fiber adapters (http://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=69&pn=SM1SMA) that can help achieve this. I will contact you to discuss a configuration suitable for your application.
leo.basset  (posted 2016-05-25 18:05:40.663)
Hi, I would like to know the total transmission of the objective in the range from about 450nm to the deepest wavelength observable with it. Is there a graph you could send me detailing these features? If not I'd like to know it at least for a wavelength of 300nm. Also I don't really understand what the Seidel coefficient really imply in terms of aberrations seen on the picture. I plan to use these for imaging applications, and I can't assess how much aberrations will distort my image, could you give me an estimation of this in simpler terms?
besembeson  (posted 2016-05-27 01:46:46.0)
Response from Bweh at Thorlabs USA: The total transmission of these objectives depend on several factors such as the beam size, intensity profile beside the mirror reflectivity. According to Zemax, the LMM-40X-UVV transmission in the 300-1500nm range is about 43%, assuming a 5mm diameter Gaussian input and ideal 100% mirrors. At 355nm, with about 85% mirror reflectivity, total transmission will be about 31%. The Seidel coefficients correspond to third order monochromatic aberrations that are introduced by an optical element. In general, you want these coefficients to be as low as possible but the numbers themselves have to also be interpreted with regards to the type of imaging application. For example, Astigmatism or coma might not be relevant for an application or spherical aberration could be most critical. Those numbers are to guide you to evaluate the response of these objectives when used for your imaging applications. We have a tutorial at the following link (under tab "Types of Aberrations") that describes these five primary monochromatic aberrations: http://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=5056
alexandre.jaffre  (posted 2015-09-01 05:43:02.047)
Hi, I plan to use such objectives on an confocal microscope for Raman and Photoluminescence spectroscopies. I work with 3 excitation wavelengths (355, 532, and 785nm). Do you have any transmission curves for the 300-1500nm range? I am looking for the best transmission efficiency at 355nm. Then, with an UV-enhanced objective, if we consider a 85% reflection on each mirror at 355nm and a 22% shadowing of the output mount (value presented in a previous feedback post), could I expect a real transmission value of 55%? or less? Best regards, Alexandre
besembeson  (posted 2015-09-30 10:57:25.0)
Response from Bweh at Thorlabs USA: According to Zemax, the LMM-40X-UVV transmission in the 300-1500nm range is about 43%, assuming a 5mm diameter Gaussian input and ideal 100% mirrors. At 355nm, with about 85% mirror reflectivity, total transmission will be about 31%. Other beam sizes and intensity profiles will affect total transmission.
patrick.parkinson  (posted 2015-02-12 16:34:36.897)
How much does this objective weigh? I ask, because it might be useful for me to put it on a piezo z-scanning objective holder which typically can only support between 100g and 300g. Thanks
jlow  (posted 2015-02-20 09:15:58.0)
Response from Jeremy at Thorlabs: The weight of the objectives are: LMM-15X-*** - 132g, LMM-40X-*** - 72g
ryseck  (posted 2014-04-24 11:49:08.54)
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen, I would like to know the depth of focus for these kinds of objectives. Wich formular is suited to calculate this value? Thank you very much best wishes Gerald RYseck
jlow  (posted 2014-04-30 05:03:13.0)
Response from Jeremy at Thorlabs: This really depends on which definition you use for acceptable focus and even what your definition is for the depth of focus. If you meant depth of field (object plane), then the two numbers to use are the magnification (this itself depends on the tube lens you use) and the numerical aperture of the objective lens. If you meant depth of focus (image plane), then you would want to factor in the resolving power of your detector as well. I will contact you to provide some more info on this.
duckhome  (posted 2013-10-31 02:44:39.633)
Poster: Junying Li Posted Date: 2013-10-31 14:55 Hi, regarding the LMM-15x-UVV: This might be an alternative for a project that I have, because of the long working distance and compactness. I have two concerns: 1) The intensity distribution of this objective in the focal plane 2) The intensity distribution of this objective in the axial plane including the optical axis near focus, I want to know the depth of focus of this Schwarzschild objective. If you can, please show me some figures. I'd appreciate if you could comment on this. Best regards Junying Li Center of Ultra-precision Optoelectronic Instrument, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150080, Heilongjiang, PR China Email: duckhome@163.com or 13B901001@hit.edu.cn
tcohen  (posted 2013-12-05 02:53:30.0)
Response from Tim at Thorlabs: For a diffraction limited spot at 700nm, the distance from the mechanical out can be varied 8um but depending on your sensor the acceptable blur might be different. We have some intensity maps on the “Graphs” tab, and I contacted you via email so we can model your particular input conditions.
harald.kroker  (posted 2013-10-02 10:14:05.433)
Hi, regarding the LMM-40x-UVV: This might be an alternative for a project that I have, because of the compactness. I'm using Schwarzschild objectives for years. I have two concerns: 1) from the Zygo-plots, the obscuration looks large. Do you have a number for this? 2) Is there any means for the user to adjust the position of the little mirror? From my experience, this is such a tight tolerance, that this needs to be re-done from time to time... A further comment: Adjusting the z-position would help to accomodate for back focal distance and/or cover glass thickness. I'd appreciate if you could comment on this. Best regards Harald Kroker HORIBA Scientific Spectroscopy Specialist, Application and Sales HORIBA Jobin Yvon GmbH 82008 Unterhaching, Hauptstr. 1 Germany Tel.: +49 (0) 89 462317 19 harald.kroker@horiba.com
tcohen  (posted 2013-10-03 12:16:00.0)
Response from Tim at Thorlabs to Harald: Thank you for your feedback. 22% is the obscured/unobscured area. There is no correction collar/centration adjustment. The design is made so that no long term drift should occur and in our opinion the need to adjust the centration comes from earlier designs/production methods that were not as reliable as todays. The objective is aligned (both centration and z-axis, which are dependent on each other) for optimum performance. If you do see drift over time, the objective should be returned.

Reflective Microscope Objectives with UV-Enhanced Aluminum Coating (200 nm - 20 µm)

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available / Ships
LMM-15X-UVV Support Documentation
LMM-15X-UVVReflective Objective, 15X, 0.30 NA, UV-Enhanced Aluminum, BFL = Infinity
$2,085.90
Today
LMM-40X-UVV Support Documentation
LMM-40X-UVVReflective Objective, 40X, 0.50 NA, UV-Enhanced Aluminum, BFL = Infinity
$2,305.20
Today
LMM-15X-UVV-160 Support Documentation
LMM-15X-UVV-160Reflective Objective, 15X, 0.30 NA, UV-Enhanced Aluminum, BFL = 160 mm
$2,085.90
Today
LMM-40X-UVV-160 Support Documentation
LMM-40X-UVV-160Reflective Objective with Parfocal Extender, 40X, 0.50 NA, UV-Enhanced Aluminum, BFL = 160 mm
$2,380.68
Today

Reflective Microscope Objectives with Silver Coating (450 nm - 20 µm)

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available / Ships
LMM-15X-P01 Support Documentation
LMM-15X-P01Reflective Objective, 15X, 0.30 NA, Silver, BFL = Infinity
$2,075.70
Today
LMM-40X-P01 Support Documentation
LMM-40X-P01Reflective Objective, 40X, 0.50 NA, Silver, BFL = Infinity
$2,295.00
Today
LMM-15X-P01-160 Support Documentation
LMM-15X-P01-160Reflective Objective, 15X, 0.30 NA, Silver, BFL = 160 mm
$2,075.70
3-5 Days
LMM-40X-P01-160 Support Documentation
LMM-40X-P01-160Reflective Objective with Parfocal Extender, 40X, 0.50 NA, Silver, BFL = 160 mm
$2,370.48
Today
Log In  |   My Account  |   Contact Us  |   Careers  |   Privacy Policy  |   Home  |   FAQ  |   Site Index
Regional Websites: West Coast US | Europe | Asia | China | Japan
Copyright 1999-2018 Thorlabs, Inc.
Sales: 1-973-300-3000
Technical Support: 1-973-300-3000


High Quality Thorlabs Logo 1000px:Save this Image

Last Edited: Aug 13, 2013 Author: Dan Daranciang