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O-Band Booster Optical Amplifiers (BOAs), 1285 - 1350 nm
Close Up of the BOA1132P
The center wavelength of a BOA can be readily tailored for specific applications. It is quite common to adjust the BOA wavelength spectrum to match the specific laser source. Please contact us if you have custom wavelength requirements for pilot-projects or OEM applications.
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Diagram of the internal workings of the amplifiers.
Booster Optical Amplifiers (BOAs) are single-pass, traveling-wave amplifiers that perform well with both monochromatic and multi-wavelength signals. Since BOAs only amplify one state of polarization, they are best suited for applications where the input polarization of the light is known. For applications where the input polarization is unknown or fluctuates, a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (SOA) is required. However, the gain, noise, bandwidth, and saturation power specifications of a BOA are superior to that of an SOA because of the design features that make the SOA polarization insensitive.
The BOA consists of a highly-efficient InP/InGaAsP Multiple Quantum Well (MQW) layer structure. As seen in the schematic to the right, the input and output of the amplifier is coupled to the reliable ridge waveguide on the optical amplifier chip. Losses typically range from 1.5 to 2.5 dB at both the fiber-to-chip and chip-to-fiber couplings. These coupling losses affect the total gain, noise figure (NF), and saturation power (Psat). While the gain produced by the amplifier exceeds that of the losses, these losses remain an important factor in determining the device's performance. For instance, a 1 dB drop in input coupling efficiency increases the noise figure by 1 dB. Alternatively, a 1 dB drop in output coupling decreases the saturation power by 1 dB.
The device is contained in a standard 14-pin butterfly package with either SMF or PMF pigtails that are terminated with FC/APC connectors. The connector key is aligned to the slow axis on all PMF pigtailed models. Optional polarization-maintaining isolators at the input, output, or both input/output are also available (specifications may vary with different configurations). Please contact Tech Support to order such a device.
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Our BOA1132P optical amplifier is also available in the S9FC1132P benchtop optical amplifier.
Center Wavelength Note
Note: All plots illustrate typical performance, and individual units may have slightly different performance, within the parameters outlined on the Specs tab.
BOA1130S and BOA1130P Graphs
The gain vs. output power plot shown below for the BOA1130S and BOA1130P was measured with an operating current of 700 mA and an input wavelength of 1312 nm. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) spectrum was also measured at an operating current of 700 mA.
BOA1132S and BOA1132P Graphs
The gain vs. output power plot shown below for the BOA1132S and BOA1132P was measured with an operating current of 700 mA and an input wavelength of 1312 nm. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) spectrum was also measured at an operating current of 700 mA.
BOA1017P and BOA1017S Graphs
The gain vs. output power plot shown below for the BOA1017P and BOA1017S was measured with an operating current of 600 mA and an input wavelength of 1312 nm. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) spectrum was also measured at an operating current of 600 mA.
BOA1036P and BOA1036S Graphs
The gain vs. output power plot shown below for the BOA1036P and BOA1036S was measured with an operating current of 700 mA and an input wavelength of 1312 nm. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) spectrum was also measured at an operating current of 700 mA. Please note: the ripple on the ASE spectrum curve below is due to water absorption during the test and not indicative of the performance of the device.
Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOAs and BOAs) are similar in design to Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes. The difference being that Fabry-Perot laser diodes have reflective coatings on both end faces of the semiconductor chip. The optical feedback from the reflective end faces establishes a cavity in which lasing can occur. SOAs and BOAs have an anti-reflection (AR) coating on both end faces of the semiconductor chip. The AR coatings limit the optical feedback into the chip so that lasing does not occur.
As is typical for all amplifiers, SOA/BOAs operate in two regimes: a linear, flat, constant gain regime and a non-linear, saturated output regime. When used to amplify a modulated signal, the linear regime is typically used to eliminate pattern-dependent distortion, multi-channel cross-talk and transient response issues common to EDFAs. The non-linear regime is used to take advantage of the highly non-linear attributes of the semiconductor gain medium (cross-gain modulation, cross phase modulation) to perform wavelength conversion, optical 3R regeneration, header recognition, and other high-speed optical signal processing functions.
For a CW input signal, the amount of power that can be produced by the amplifier is determined by the saturation output power (Psat) parameter. Psat is defined as the output power at which the small-signal gain has been compressed by 3 dB. The maximum amount of CW power that can be extracted is approximately 3 dB higher than the saturation power.