Polarization-Dependent Refraction - Glan Laser Calcite Polarizer
Our calcite polarizers are all based on high-grade, birefringent, calcite crystals. Due to the birefringent structure of calcite, a differential delay is created between two orthogonally polarized waves traveling in the crystal. As shown in the image to the right, this birefringent structure creates a polarization-dependent refraction that effectively steers the polarization planes in two angles. While the ordinary plane will travel straight through the crystal, the extraordinary plane will exit the crystal at an angle proportional to the wavelength as well as the length of the crystal.
A calcite polarizer can be designed as either a polarization splitter/combiner or as a polarizer element that removes the angled, orthogonally polarized component of a beam. Our calcite polarizers are typically built out of two prisms, as shown in the drawing to the right. Since calcite is a soft crystal that is easily damaged, almost all of our calcite polarizers are offered in metal housings. With convenient threadings and adapters, these housings can easily be mounted into our opto-mechanical products.
Calcite Polarizer Field of View (FOV)