Create an Account  |   Log In

View All »Matching Part Numbers


Your Shopping Cart is Empty
         

Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors


  • CMOS-Based Sensors Capable of up to 1120 fps
  • Sensitivities up to λ/200
  • 300 - 1100 nm or 400 - 900 nm Wavelength Range
  • Kits Available with Interchangeable Microlens Arrays

WFS20-5C

High-Speed WFS
with 150 µm Pitch MLA

Application Idea

A WFS20-5C Mounted
on the KM100WFS
Kinematic Mount

WFS40-7AR

Large-Area WFS
with 150 µm Pitch MLA

WFS30-14AR

General-Purpose WFS
with 300 µm Pitch MLA

Related Items


Please Wait
Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor Selection Guidea
Item # Prefix
(Sensor Head)
Type Max Speedb Sensor Size Wavefront
Accuracyb
Wavefront
Sensitivityb
WFS30 General Purpose Up to 64 fps 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Up to λ/60 Up to λ/200
WFS40  Large Aperture Up to 86 fps 11.26 mm x 11.26 mm Up to λ/40 Up to λ/120
WFS20 High Speed Up to 1120 fps 7.20 mm x 5.40 mm Up to λ/60 Up to λ/200
Item # Suffix
(MLA)c
Mask or Coating Wavelength Lenslet Pitch Lenslet Size Reflectivity
-5C Chrome Mask 300 - 1100 nm 150 µm Ø146 µm <25%
-7AR AR Coating 400 - 900 nm 150 µm Ø146 µm <1%
-14AR AR Coating 400 - 900 nm 300 µm 295 x 295 µm <1%
  • See Specs tab for complete specifications.
  • Dependent on MLA, Operating Mode, and Specified Active Area
  • To upgrade a wavefront sensor for compatibility with additional MLAs, contact Tech Support. Note that kits are available below which inlcude and are calibrated for an additional -14AR MLA. 

Features

  • Three Compact Sensor Head Options Include:
    • General-Purpose Sensor
    • Large-Aperture Sensor with 11.26 mm Square Area
    • High-Speed Sensor with Frame Rates up to 1120 fps
  • High-Quality Photolithographic Microlens Array (MLA) Included
    • Mounted in Exchangeable Magnetic Holder 
    • Individually Calibrated for the Sensor Head
  • Kits Include Seansor head Assembly with Additional 300 µm Microlens Array
  • Real-Time Wavefront and Intensity Distribution Measurements
  • Use with CW or Pulsed Light Sources
  • USB Connection for PC Operation
  • Live Data Readout via TCP/IP
  • Flexible Software Options
    • GUI Software
    • Instrument Driver Package for C Compilers
    • LabWindows™/CVI
    • LabVIEW™
    • DataSocket for Live Data Transfer
    • .Net
  • Kinematic Mount Designed for Wavefront Sensors Available Separately (See Below)

Operating Principle

Distorted Wavefront
Click to Enlarge

Schematic of a Microlens Array Focusing a Distorted Wavefront


A Shack-Hartmann sensor consists of a lenslet array and a camera. When a wavefront enters the lenslet array, a spot field is created on the camera. The intensity and location of each spot is analyzed to dynamically measure the wavefronts of laser sources or characterize the wavefront distortion caused by optical components. For more details on the theory of Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing, see the SH Tutorial tab.

Thorlabs' Fast Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors provide accurate measurements of the wavefront shape and intensity distribution of incident beams. These wavefront sensors include both a CMOS-based sensor head and a microlens array (MLA) in a convenient storage and carrying case. The performance of the wavefront sensor is determined by which sensor head and MLA are combined. As summarized in the table above, we offer three sensor heads: general purpose, large aperture, and high speed. Likewise, there are three MLA options with different lenslet pitches and focal lengths for optimal accuracy and wavefront dynamic range for your application.

The Item #s for these wavefront sensors have a prefix that refers to the sensor head type (WFS30, WFS40, or WFS20), and a suffix that refers to either the MLA type (-5C, -7A, or -14AR) or the kit type (-K1 or -K2). Kits include a single sensor head and two MLAs. The Specs and Selection Guide tabs provide detailed information about the different wavefront sensor options. Trigger cables for each type of sensor head, available below, can be ordered separately for use with a TTL trigger signal. The Shipping List tab provides an itemized list of all components included with each item. 

Sensor Heads
The general-purpose and large-aperture sensor heads, with Item # prefixes WFS30 and WFS40 respectively, have a trigger input and USB 3.0 port for connection to a PC. Operation via a USB 2.0 port will result in slower performance. High-speed sensor heads, with Item # prefix WFS20, include a control box with a trigger input and USB 2.0 port for connection to a PC. The box analyzes the camera image when the sensor is used in high-speed mode and transmits only the spot positions to the PC instead of the entire image. This lowers the volume of data sent over the USB 2.0 connection, allowing the high-speed sensors to achieve measurement speeds of >1000 fps. 

Microlens Arrays
MLAs included with our wavefront sensors have a lenslet pitch of either 150 µm or 300 µm, are either chrome masked or AR Coated, and are permanently mounted in a patented (US Patent No. 8,289,504) exchangeable magnetic holder. The magnetic holder positions the microlens array to achieve correct alignment every time it is installed on the sensor head. When a kit or an additional MLA is ordered, Thorlabs includes a removal tool, which makes it easy to switch between MLAs. To purchase an additional MLA or a different combination of MLAs for use with a sensor head, please contact Tech Support. As Thorlabs must calibrate the particular sensor head for use with each specified MLA, upgrading a sensor head for use with additional MLAs requires returning the wavefront sensor to Thorlabs.

AO Kit Setup
Click to Enlarge

Select wavefront sensors are available in our adaptive optics kits, shown above.
Interchanging Microlens Arrays
Pickup Tool for Interchanging Microlens Arrays Included with Kits

Software
The included software package offers a user-friendly graphical interface with tools for choosing camera setting, calibration, analysis, and display options. The software also includes drivers for C compilers, LabVIEW™, LabWindows/CVI™, .Net, and DataSocket server support for integration into custom system control and data collection software. For more information on the included software or to download the latest version, see the Software tab above.

Adaptive Optics Kits
In an effort to bring adaptive optics to even more research fields, Thorlabs provides adaptive optics kits. These kits bundle the three primary components for any adaptive optics system: a deformable mirror, a Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor, and real-time control software. We offer Thorlabs' Piezoelectric Deformable Mirrors as well as MEMS-based Deformable Mirrors through our partnership with Boston Micro-Machines. In addition, the kits (shown in the photo to the left) also include a light source, all collimation/imaging optics, and all mounting hardware necessary (breadboard not included). These kits are specifically designed to provide an affordable, easy-to-use adaptive optics solution that can be integrated into a research system in hours instead of months.

Item # Prefix WFS30, WFS40, and WFS20
Item # Suffix -5C(/M) -7AR(/M) -14AR(/M) -K1(/M) -K2(/M)
Included Microlens Array(s)
150 µm Lenslet Pitch,
Chrome Mask, 300 - 1100 nm
Yes! - - Yes! -
150 µm Lenslet Pitch,
ARa Coating, 400 - 900 nm
 -  Yes! - -  Yes!
300 µm Lenslet Pitch,
ARa Coating, 400 - 900 nm
 -  -  Yes! Yes!  Yes!
  • Anti-Reflection

Thorlabs' Wavefront Sensors (WFS) combine a CMOS camera and a mounted microlens array (MLA). The performance of the wavefront sensor is primarily dictated by which WFS and MLA you choose. WFS are available with one or two MLAs. New and existing WFS can also be upgraded for use with a maximum of three types of MLA by contacting Tech Support.

The Item #s for these wavefront sensors have a prefix that refers to the sensor head type (WFS30, WFS40, or WFS20), and a suffix that refers to either the MLA type (-5C, -7A, or -14AR) or the kit type (-K1 or -K2). Specifications for the kits are not given separately. To view the specifications for a particular combination of sensor head and MLA, reference the specifications for the single-MLA Item # that includes the respective prefix and suffix.

Click the following links to move directly to the specifications of interest:



General-Purpose WFS (Item # Prefix WFS30)

Software Selectable Camera Resolution Optionsa
Camera Resolution (Pixels) Active Area
(mm)
Microlens
Spots
Spot
Count
Frame Rate
(fps)c
Normal
Mode
sub2
Modeb
Normal
Mode
sub2
Modeb
WFS30-5C, WFS30-7AR
1936 x 1216 968 x 608 11.34 x 7.13 73 x 45  3285 8.0 13
1216 x 1216 608 x 608 7.13 x 7.13 45 x 45 2025 10 14
1024 x 1024 512 x 512 6.00 x 6.00 39 x 39 1521 12 24
768 x 768 384 x 384 4.50 x 4.50 29 x 29 841 21 32
512 x 512 256 x 256 3.00 x 3.00 19 x 19 361 31 46
360 x 360 360 x 360 2.11 x 2.11 13 x 13 169 64 64
WFS30-14AR
1936 x 1216 968 x 608 11.34 x 7.13 35 x 21 735 8.0 20
1216 x 1216 608 x 608 7.13 x 7.13 21 x 21 441 13 20
1024 x 1024 512 x 512 6.00 x 6.00 19 x 19 361 16 24
768 x 768 384 x 384 4.50 x 4.50 13 x 13 169 21 32
512 x 512 256 x 256 3.00 x 3.00 9 x 9 81 47 46
360 x 360 360 x 360 2.11 x 2.11 5 x 5 25 64 64
  • The selected camera resolution and operation mode determines the wavefront sensor resolution (the number of calculated microlens spots) and the frame rate.
  • When in sub2 Mode, subsampling is used to increase measurement speed. Subsampling analyzes a single pixel in each 2 x 2 block of 4 pixels.
  • Typical speed without graphical desplay, depending on PC hardware, 4th order Zernike fit at specific camera resolution, and minimum exposure time.
Item #a WFS30-5C WFS30-7AR WFS30-14AR
Microlens Arrays
Wavelength Range 300 nm - 1100 nm 400 nm - 900 nm
Free Aperture 11.5 mm x 7.5 mm
Mask or Coating Chrome Mask Anti-Reflection Coating
Reflectivity <25% <1%
Lenslet Pitch 150 µm 300 µm
Lenslet Grid Type Square Grid
Lens Shapeb Round, Plano-Convex Spherical Square, Plano-Convex Parabolic
Lens Size Ø146 µm 295 µm x 295 µm
Fill Factor (Approximate)c 74.5% 100%
Number of Active Lenslets 73 x 45 (Max),
Software-Selectable Options 
35 x 21 (Max),
Software-Selectable Options
Effective Focal Length
(Typical, When Mounted in WFS)
4.1 mm 5.2 mm 14.6 mm
Nominal Focal Length 5.6 mm 14.2 mm
Array Size 12 mm x 12 mm x 1.2 mm
Substrate Material Fused Silica (Quartz)
Camera
Sensor Type CMOS
Resolution 1936 x 1216 Pixels (Max), Software-Selectable Options
Sensor Size, Max 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm
Pixel Size 5.83 µm x 5.83 µm
Shutter Globald
Exposure Range 33 µs - 998 ms
Image Digitization 8 Bit
Wavefront Measurement
Accuracy (at 633 nm)e λ/25 rms λ/40 rms λ/60 rms
Sensitivity (at 633 nm)f λ/80 rms λ/120 rms λ/200 rms
Dynamic Range (at 633 nm)g >500λ >500λ >250λ
Local Curvatureh >7.4 mm >10.0 mm >40.0 mm
  • The WFS30-K1(/M) Kit operates as a WFS30-5C or WFS30-14AR, depending on which mounted MLA is installed. Similarly, the WFS20-K2(/M) Kit operates as a WFS30-7AR or WFS30-14AR.
  • The convex surfaces face the camera.
  • The Fill Factor is a measure of the fraction of incident light on the detector. For the WFS30-5C and
    WFS30-7AR, the fill factor is less than 100% because the round lenses are arranged on a square grid.
  • Global shutter exposes the entire sensor at one time.
  • Absolute accuracy using internal reference. Measured for spherical wavefronts with a known radius of curvature. Not valid for subsampling mode (sub2 Mode).
  • Typical relative accuracy with respect to a reference wavefront (user calibration). Reference and each measurement values are averaged over 10 frames in Normal Mode.
  • Over entire aperture of wavefront sensor.
  • Radius of wavefront curvature over single lenslet aperture.
General Specifications
External Trigger Input Specifications
Trigger Slope Software Selectable:
Low-High or High-Low
Safe Static Input Voltage Range 0 to 30 VDC
Low Level 0.0 V to 2.0 V
High Level 5.0 V to 24 V
Input Current (Max) ≤10 mA
Pulse Width (Min) 100 µs
Slew Rate (Min) 35 V/ms
Housing Dimensions and Threads
Optical Input Thread Internal C-Mount
Dimensions (H x W x D) 35.4 mm x 29.0 mm x 48.3 mm
(1.39" x 1.14" x 1.90")
External Power Supply Max 2.4 W, via USB 3.0a
Operating Temperature 5 to 35 °C (Non-Condensing)
Storage Temperature -20 to 60 °C
Warm-Up Time for Rated Accuracy 15 Minutes
Post Mountingb One 8-32 (M4) Tap,
One 1/4"-20 (M6) Tap
Cage Mounting -
Included Thread Adapter SM1A9: External C-Mount to
Internal SM1 (1.035"-40)
  • Operation via USB 2.0 is feasible but with reduced speed, exposure range, and power consumption.
  • Mounting features are provided by the included removable adapter baseplate.

All technical data are valid at 23 ± 5° C and 45 ± 15% relative humidity (non-condensing).



Large-Aperture WFS (Item # Prefix WFS40)

Software Selectable Camera Resolution Optionsa
Camera Resolution (Pixels) Active Area
(mm)
Microlens
Spots
Spot
Count
Frame Rate
(fps)c
Normal
Mode
sub2 Modeb Normal
Mode
sub2 Modeb
WFS40-5C, WFS40-7AR
2048 x 2048 1024 x 1024 11.26 x 11.26 73 x 73 5329 4.0 11
1536 x 1536 768 x 768 8.45 x 8.45 55 x 55 3025 8.0 19
1024 x 1024 512 x 512 5.63 x 5.63 35 x 35 1225 17 37
768 x 768 384 x 384 4.22 x 4.22 27 x 27 729 26 55
512 x 512 256 x 256 2.82 x 2.82 17 x 17 289 48 89
360 x 360 360 x 360 1.98 x 1.98 11 x 11 121 75 98
WFS40-14AR
2048 x 2048 1024 x 1024 11.26 x 11.26 35 x 35 1225 5.5 16
1536 x 1536 768 x 768 8.45 x 8.45 27 x 27 729 9.5 27
1024 x 1024 512 x 512 5.63 x 5.63 17 x 17 289 19 50
768 x 768 384 x 384 4.22 x 4.22 13 x 13 169 30 72
512 x 512 256 x 256 2.82 x 2.82 7 x 7 49 57 98
360 x 360 360 x 360 1.98 x 1.98 5 x 5 25 86 98
  • The selected camera resolution and operation mode determines the wavefront sensor resolution (the number of calculated microlens spots) and the frame rate.
  • When in sub2 Mode, subsampling is used to increase measurement speed. Subsampling analyzes a single pixel in each 2 x 2 block of 4 pixels.
  • Typical speed without graphical desplay, depending on PC hardware, 4th order Zernike fit at specific camera resolution, and minimum exposure time.
Item #a WFS40-5C WFS40-7AR WFS40-14AR
Microlens Arrays
Wavelength Range 300 nm - 1100 nm 400 nm - 900 nm
Free Aperture 11.5 mm x 11.5 mm
Mask or Coating Chrome Mask Anti-Reflection Coating
Reflectivity <25% <1%
Lenslet Pitch 150 µm 300 µm
Lenslet Grid Type Square Grid
Lens Shapeb Round, Plano-Convex Spherical Square, Plano-Convex Parabolic
Lens Size Ø146 µm 295 µm x 295 µm
Fill Factor (Approximate)c 74.5% 100%
Number of Active Lenslets 73 x 73 (Max),
Software-Selectable Options
35 x 35 (Max),
Software-Selectable Options
Effective Focal Length
(Typical, When Mounted in WFS)
4.1 mm 5.2 mm 14.6 mm
Nominal Focal Length 5.6 mm 14.2 mm
Array Size 12 mm x 12 mm x 1.2 mm
Substrate Material Fused Silica (Quartz)
Camera
Sensor Type CMOS
Resolution 2048 x 2048 Pixels (Max), Software-Selectable Options
Sensor Size, Max 11.26 mm x 11.26 mm
Pixel Size 5.5 µm x 5.5 µm
Shutter Globald
Exposure Range 77 µs - 499 ms
Image Digitization 8 Bit
Wavefront Measurement
Accuracy (at 633 nm)e λ/25 rms λ/30 rms λ/40 rms
Sensitivity (at 633 nm)f λ/80 rms λ/100 rms λ/120 rms
Dynamic Range (at 633 nm)g >500λ >500λ >250λ
Local Curvatureh >7.4 mm >10.0 mm >40.0 mm
  • The WFS20-K1(/M) Kit operates as a WFS40-5C or WFS40-14AR, depending on which mounted MLA is installed. Similarly, the WFS40-K2(/M) Kit operates as a WFS40-7AR or WFS40-14AR.
  • The convex surfaces face the camera.
  • The Fill Factor is a measure of the fraction of incident light on the detector. For the WFS40-5C and
    WFS40-7AR, the fill factor is less than 100% because the round lenses are arranged on a square grid.
  • Global shutter exposes the entire sensor at one time.
  • Absolute accuracy using internal reference. Measured for spherical wavefronts with a known radius of curvature. Absolute accuracy using internal reference. Measured for spherical wavefronts with a known radius of curvature. Not valid for subsampling mode (sub2 Mode).
  • Typical relative accuracy with respect to a reference wavefront (user calibration). Reference and each measurement values are averaged over 10 frames in Normal Mode.
  • Over entire aperture of wavefront sensor.
  • Radius of wavefront curvature over single lenslet aperture.
General Specifications
External Trigger Input Specifications
Trigger Slope Software Selectable:
Low-High or High-Low
Safe Static Input Voltage Range 0 to 30 VDC
Low Level 0.0 V to 2.0 V
High Level 5.0 V to 24 V
Input Current (Max) ≤10 mA
Pulse Width (Min) 100 µs
Slew Rate (Min) 35 V/ms
Housing Dimensions and Threads
Optical Input Thread Internal C-Mount
Dimensions (H x W x D) 35.4 mm x 29.0 mm x 48.3 mm
(1.39" x 1.14" x 1.90")
External Power Supply Max 2.9 W, via USB 3.0a
Operating Temperature 5 to 35 °C (Non-Condensing)
Storage Temperature -20 to 60 °C
Warm-Up Time for Rated Accuracy 15 Minutes
Post Mountingb One 8-32 (M4) Tap,
One 1/4"-20 (M6) Tap
Cage Mounting -
Included Thread Adapter SM1A9: External C-Mount to
Internal SM1 (1.035"-40)
  • Operation via USB 2.0 is feasible but with reduced speed, exposure range, and power consumption.
  • Mounting features are provided by the included removable adapter baseplate.

All technical data are valid at 23 ± 5° C and 45 ± 15% relative humidity (non-condensing).



High-Speed WFS (Item # Prefix WFS20)

Software Selectable Camera Resolution Optionsa
Camera Resolution
(Pixels)
Active Area
(mm)
Microlens
Spots
Spot
Count
Frame Rate (fps)b
Normal
Mode
Normal Mode,
2X Binningc
High-Speed
Mode
WFS20-5C and WFS20-7AR
1440 x 1080 7.20 x 5.40  47 x 35 1645 23 58  150
1080 x 1080 5.40 x 5.40 35 x 35 1225 29 69  166
768 x 768 3.84 x 3.84 23 x 23 529 50 144 350
512 x 512 2.56 x 2.56 15 x 15 225 79 320 710
360 x 360 1.80 x 1.80 11 x 11 121 116 630 880
WFS20-14AR
1440 x 1080 7.20 x 5.40 23 x 17 391 28 92 183
1080 x 1080 5.40 x 5.40 17 x 17 289 33 123 226
768 x 768 3.84 x 3.84 11 x 11 121 50 258 394
512 x 512 2.56 x 2.56 7 x 7 49 79 450 725
360 x 360 1.80 x 1.80 5 x 5 25 116 648 1120
  • The selected camera resolution and operation mode determines the wavefront sensor resolution (the number of calculated microlens spots) and the frame rate.
  • Typical speed without graphical desplay, depending on PC hardware, 4th order Zernike fit at specific camera resolution, and minimum exposure time.
  • In Normal Mode with 2X Binning, 2 x 2 pixels are combined and averaged.
Item #a WFS20-5C WFS20-7AR WFS20-14AR
Microlens Arrays
Wavelength Range 300 nm - 1100 nm 400 nm - 900 nm
Free Aperture Ø9 mm
Mask or Coating Chrome Mask Anti-Reflection Coating
Reflectivity <25% <1%
Lenslet Pitch 150 µm 300 µm
Lenslet Grid Type Square Grid
Lens Shapeb Round, Plano-Convex Spherical Square, Plano-Convex Parabolic
Lens Size Ø146 µm 295 µm x 295 µm
Fill Factor (Approximate)c 74.5% 100%
Number of Active Lenslets 47 x 35 (Max),
Software-Selectable Options
23 x 17 (Max),
Software-Selectable Options
Effective Focal Length
(Typical, 
When Mounted in WFS)
4.1 mm 5.2 mm 14.6 mm
Nominal Focal Length 5.6 mm 14.2 mm
Array Size 10 mm x 10 mm x 1.2 mm
Substrate Material Fused Silica (Quartz)
Camera
Sensor Type CMOS
Resolution 1440 x 1080 Pixels (Max), Software-Selectable Options
Sensor Size, Max 7.20 mm x 5.40 mm
Pixel Size 5.0 µm x 5.0 µm
Shutter Globald
Exposure Range 4 µs - 83.3 ms
Image Digitization 8 Bit
Wavefront Measurement
Accuracy (at 633 nm)e λ/30 rms λ/60 rms
Sensitivity (at 633 nm)f λ/100 rms λ/200 rms
Dynamic Range (at 633 nm)g >100λ >50λ
Slope (Max)h ±1.0° ±0.8° ±0.5°
Local Curvaturei >7.4 mm >10.0 mm >40.0 mm
  • The WFS20-K1(/M) Kit operates as a WFS20-5C or WFS20-14AR, depending on which mounted MLA is installed. Similarly, the WFS20-K2(/M) Kit operates as a WFS20-7AR or WFS20-14AR.
  • The convex surfaces face the camera.
  • The Fill Factor is a measure of the fraction of incident light on the detector. For the WFS20-5C and WFS20-7AR, the fill factor is less than 100% because the round lenses are arranged on a square grid.
  • Global shutter exposes the entire sensor at one time.
  • Absolute accuracy using internal reference. Measured for spherical wavefronts with a known radius of curvature.
  • Typical relative accuracy with respect to a reference wavefront (user calibration). Reference and each measurement values are averaged over 10 frames in Normal Mode.
  • Over entire aperture of wavefront sensor, Normal Mode.
  • Maximum local wavefront slope in High-Speed Mode.
  • Radius of wavefront curvature over single lenslet aperture.
General Specifications
External Trigger Input Specifications
Trigger Slope Software Selectable:
Low-High or High-Low
Safe Input Voltage Range -0.5 to 6.5 V
Low Level (Max) 1.5 V
High Level (Min) 3.5 V
Input Impedance >100 kΩ
Pulse Width (Min) 10 µs
Slew Rate (Min) 5 V/ns
Housing Dimensions and Threads
Optical Input Thread Internal C-Mount
Camera Head Dimensions
(H x W x D)
46.0 mm x 56.0 mm x 33.1 mm
(1.81" x 2.20" x 1.30")
FPGA Box Dimensions
(H x W x D)
27.5 mm x 57.0 mm x 98.4 mm
(1.08" x 2.24" x 3.87")
External Power Supply 12 V, 1.5 A
Operating Temperature 5 to 35 °C (Non-Condensing)
Storage Temperature -40 to 70 °C
Warm-Up Time for Rated Accuracy 15 Minutes
Post Mounting Three 8-32 (M4) Taps
Cage Mounting Four 4-40 Taps for 30 mm Cage Systems
Included Thread Adapter SM1A9: External C-Mount to
Internal SM1 (1.035"-40)

All technical data are valid at 23 ± 5° C and 45 ± 15% relative humidity (non-condensing).

Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors

Wavefront sensors allow a user to analyze the shape of an incident beam's wavefront in order to identify or correct aberations caused by light traveling through individual optics or optical assemblies. Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors achieve this by dividing the beam into an array of discrete intensity points using a microlens array. These data are used to reconstruct and analyze the shape of the wavefront using Zernike polynomials. In addition to analyzing classical optics phenomena, they are increasingly used in applications where real-time monitoring of the wavefront is used to control adaptive optics with the intent of removing the wavefront distortion before creating an image.

Spot Field Overview

To measure the wavefront of a beam, the light is aligned so that it is normally incident on the microlens array at the front of the wavefront sensor. Each lenslet collects the light filling its aperture and forms a single focal spot on the CMOS camera sensor, which is located at the focal plane of the microlens array. If the wavefront is planar, all focal spots are centered directly behind each respective lens, coincident with the optical axis of each. The result is a regularly spaced grid of spots on the camera sensor, as illustrated in Figure 1. These spot locations are called reference spot positions, and they compose the reference spot field.

Distorted Wavefront
Click to Enlarge

Figure 2: The displacements of the focal spots from their respective reference positions are used to calculate the shape of the incident wavefront. 
Distorted Wavefront
Click to Enlarge

Figure 1: Focal spots are centered directly behind each lens when the incident wavefront is planar. This is the reference spot field. 

When the wavefront is distorted, focal spots will be displaced from their reference positions on the camera sensor. Distorted wavefronts may also result in spot fields that include missing spots, as illustrated in Figure 2. By comparing the locations of the spots in the measured spot field with those in the reference spot field, the shape of the wavefront can be calculated.

Wavefront Distortion and Spot Displacement

The shape of the beam's wavefront may be complex when the entire cross section is considered; however, across the small portion of the beam collected by a single lenslet, the wavefront is approximately planar. The region surrounding a single lenslet of the microlens array is shown in Figure 3, using parallel lines to indicate both wavefronts are planar over these limited dimensions. The difference between the wavefronts is represented by their respective orientations to the optical axis of the lens.

The propagation angle of this portion of the beam is determined by the local shape of the distorted wavefront. If this region of the wavefront is not distorted, the collected light propagates along each lens' optical axis, and the focal spot is centered directly behind the lens (green circle). If instead this portion of the wavefront is distorted, its propagation angle, α, with respect to the lens' optical axis, results in a focal spot (red circle) displaced from the reference spot.

The propagation angle for this portion of the beam, and therefore the local shape of the wavefront, can be found using the focal length of the lens, fML, and the relative position of the focal spot with respect to the reference spot (δx, δy). The shape of the wavefront across the entire cross section of the beam is computed through the 2-dimensional integration of all spot displacements. Thorlabs' wavefront sensor software performes these calculations and defines the center of the spot field as the origin for the integration.

Single Microlens Focusing
Click to Enlarge

Figure 3: Above is a diagram showing a single lenslet. Waves with planar wavefronts (green parallel lines) are normally incident on the lens and focus to the reference spot position (green circle). Distorted wavefronts (red parallel lines) are not normally incident and focus to a location (red circle) displaced from the reference spot. The displacement angle, α, can be calculated from the geometry.

Calculating Sensitivity and Dynamic Range

Measurement Sensitivity
Sensitivity (i.e. the minimum displacement angle, αmin) is a function of the minimum detectable spot displacement (δymin), as described by the equation:

αmin = δymin / fML

where fML is the focal length of the microlens.

Dynamic Range
Dynamic range (i.e. the maximum displacement angle, αmax) is a measure of the maximum extent of phase that can be measured:

αmax = δymax / fML = (D / 2) / fML

where D is the diameter of the microlens. Both of these equations were derived using the small angle approximation. αmin is the minimum detectable wavefront slope that can be measured by the wavefront sensor. The minimum detectable spot displacement δymin depends on the pixel size of the detector, the accuracy of the centroid algorithm, and the signal to noise ratio of the sensor. αmax is the maximum wavefront slope that can be measured by the wavefront sensor and corresponds to a spot displacement of δymax, which is equal to the lenslet radius.

A conventional algorithm will fail to determine the correct centroid of a spot if it partially overlaps another spot or if the focal spot of a lenslet falls outside of the area of the sensor assigned to detect it (spot crossover). Special algorithms can be implemented to overcome these problems but limit the dynamic range of the sensor. The dynamic range of a system can be increased by using a lenslet with either a larger diameter or a shorter focal length. Increasing the dynamic range by increasing the lenslet diameter decreases the number of Zernike coefficients available to represent the wavefront. Conversely, increasing the dynamic range by shortening the focal length decreases the sensor's sensitivity. Ideally, a lenslet with the longest focal length that meets both the dynamic range and measurement sensitivity requirements should be used.

Factors Affecting Shack-Hartmann Measurement Accuracy

A Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor's measurement accuracy (i.e., the minimum wavefront slope that can be measured reliably) depends on its ability to precisely measure the displacement of a focused spot with respect to a reference position. Several factors influence the measurement accuracy, including the lens pitch of the microlens array, the active area of the sensor (pupil diameter or camera resolution selection), the beam size, and the operating mode. Finer details of the wavefront can be reconstructed when there are greater numbers of focal spots to analyze. Eliminating the effects of ambient light, through a combination of software settings and experimental techniques to reduce stray light also increases measurement accuracy. Factors impacting accuracy are elaborated on below; further information can be found in the product manual.

Number of Focal Spots
The number of focal spots is determined by the pitch of the microlens array, the active area of the sensor (pupil diameter or camera resolution), and the beam size. Microlens arrays with a smaller pitch provide a greater density of measurement points for a given beam, providing higher spatial resolution, assuming all measurements are within the dynamic range of the sensor. The benefit of having larger numbers of focal spots in the spot field is particularly apparent when Zernike polynomials are used to analyze the wavefront aberrations, as the number of Zernike modes cannot exceed the number of detected focal spots. Arrays with a larger pitch provide higher wavefront accuracy. 

The active area of the camera sensor is set by the user in the software. Choosing a smaller active area increases the frame rate, but information about the wavefront is lost when the active area is smaller than the beam diameter. If the beam diameter itself is small, then there will be a small number of focal spots, regardless of the active area of the camera sensor. Ideally, the beam should slightly overfill the microlens array to remove edge effects and allow any user selected area to be highlighting active pixels. 

Operating Mode
Shack-Hartmann sensors can collect and average data in different ways. For our wavefront sensors, there are a total of 4 operating modes supported to varying degrees depending on the sensor type. It is important to understand that by collecting data faster, for example, may require data to be averaged. Depending on how the data is averaged, accuracy may drop. The operating modes available for our sensors are expanded on in further detail in the Selection Guide tab. 

Image Averaging and Background Level Settings
Measurement accuracy can be increased when the average of several images, rather than a single image, is used for calculations. The wavefront sensor software includes the option to calculate normal or rolling averages. Both options compute pixel-by-pixel averages of the user-specified number of images, N. Normal averaging acquires unique sets of N images for each measurement and results in a decreased frame rate. For rolling averages, a set of N images is averaged for the first measurement, but, the next measurement will remove the first image of the set and add in the next image taken N+1. The frame rate is higher when a rolling average is used, where every frame is averaged instead of every set of frames increases. This also provides a more up-to-date status of the wavefront.

In addition to reducing stray light using lens tubes and other experimental techniques, we recommend adjusting the Noise Cut Level and Black Level settings as appropriate for the application. The software provides an intuitive and simple tool to assist with this. The Black Level setting adjusts the brightness level offset applied to all pixels. The Noise Cut Level defines a minimum brightness threshold the software uses when performing calculations, and it is used to prevent errors in focal spot calculations resulting from the effects of ambient light and/or noise. Intensity measurements below the Noise Cut Level are set to zero. The recommended Noise Cut Level setting is 'Auto,' as this setting dynamically adapts to changing light levels.

Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors include a sensor head and a microlens array (MLA), and the performance of the sensor depends on both. In the following, the Item # prefix of each wavefront sensor (WFS20, WFS30, or WFS40) is used to refer to the respective sensor head, while the Item # Suffixes -5C, -7AR, and -14AR are used to refer to the different MLA options. Please note that while Thorlabs offers a selection of wavefront sensors with one or two MLAs, available below, any of these sensor heads can be factory-calibrated for use with a maximum of three types of MLA by contacting Tech Support. Thorlabs also offers an upgrade service for existing WFS by contacting Tech Support.



Sensor Head Selection Guidea
Item # Prefix Type Max Sensor Size
(Camera Resolution)
Max Speedb Wavefront
Accuracyb
Wavefront
Sensitivityb
WFS30 General Purpose 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm
(1936 x 1216 pixels)
Up to 64 fps Up to λ/60 Up to λ/200
WFS40 Large Aperture 11.26 mm x 11.26 mm
(2048 x 2048 Pixels)
Up to 289 fps Up to λ/40 Up to λ/120
WFS20 High Speed 7.20 mm x 5.40 mm
(1440 x 1080 pixels)
Up to 1120 fps Up to λ/60 Up to λ/200
  • See Specs tab for complete specifications.
  • Dependent on MLA, Operating Mode, and Specified Active Area
Wavefront Sensor Responsivity Comparison
Click to Enlarge

Figure 1: Normalized Responsivities for the Camera Sensors in Each Wavefront Sensor Head

Sensor Head

Each sensor head (Item # Prefix: WFS30, WFS40, or WFS20) is based on a different CMOS camera. While the cameras provide different measurement performance, each wavefront sensor is operated using the same software application. 

Camera Responsivity
The responsivities of the three cameras, which are similar, are plotted in Figure 1. The WFS20 sensor heads have higher relative responsivities at longer wavelengths and a flatter region of peak responsivity. The WFS30 sensor has higher relative responsivities at lower wavelengths.

Free Aperture and Camera Resolution 
The maximum free aperture and camera resolution are coupled for these wavefront sensors. The WFS20 and WFS30 offer rectangular apertures, with the smaller dimension limiting the maximum diameter of incident circular beams. The WFS40 is approximately 30% larger along its sides compared to the WFS20 and WFS30; it provides a square aperture that accepts an input beam of up to Ø11 mm.

Operating Modes and Measurement Speed
Wavefront sensors that include the WFS30 or WFS40 sensor heads can operate in Normal Mode or the sub2 (subsampling) Mode. There is no High-Speed Mode option offered for these sensor heads. The entire spot field image acquired by the camera is transmitted to the PC in both operating modes. When operating in sub2 Mode, the frame rate is increased by using a single pixel from each 2 x 2 set of pixels for the calculation of focal spot centroids. The drawback is wavefront measurements with reduced accuracy.

The camera included with the WFS20 operates at faster speeds than the cameras are included in the WFS30 and WFS40. Thorlabs takes advantage of the WFS20's faster camera by offering three operating modes: Normal Mode, 2 x 2 Binning Mode (Bin 2), and High-Speed Mode.

In the WFS20's normal mode, the frame rates are limited by the time needed to transmit the full spot field image from the camera to the PC, as well as by the time required to perform the calculations.

The faster 2 x 2 Binning mode improves the WFS20's frame rates by reducing calculation time. Instead of using the data from every pixel in the active area to calculate the focal spot centroids, the average value for the four pixels in every 2 x 2 set is used. The drawback is reduced spatial wavefront resolution.

In the WFS20's High-Speed Mode, the focal spot centroids are calculated by the fast field-programmable gate array (FPGA) built into the WFS20's Control Box. Not only can the FPGA calculate the spot centroids more quickly than the PC, but only the spot centroid data points are transmitted to the PC. This greatly decreases the amount of data that needs to be transferred to the PC, providing the fastest measurement speeds. A drawback is that it is not possible to view or manipulate the camera image in the GUI during operation in High-Speed Mode, which makes it harder to detect certain errors, such as those caused by camera saturation.

Physical Dimensions and Mounting Options
WFS20 sensor heads include both a sensor head and a control box, while the WFS30 and WFS40 options have only a sensor head. In addition, the dimensions of the WFS20 sensor head (46.0 mm x 56 mm x 33.1 mm) are larger than the common dimensions of the WFS30 and WFS40 sensor heads (35.4 mm x 29.0 mm x 42.6 mm). 

All include an SM1A9 adapter for converting the external C-Mount to Internal SM1 (1.035"-40) threads, so that lens tubes can be used to reduce scattered light and neutral density filters can be used to prevent device saturation. The WFS20 also has three 8-32 (M4) taps on the bottom of the housing for mounting on Ø1/2" posts and four 4-40 taps on the front face for compatibility with Thorlabs' 30 mm Cage Systems. The WFS30 and WFS40 include a bottom-mounted adapter plate with an 8-32 (M4) and a 1/4"-20 (M6) tap for mounting the sensor head on Ø1/2" posts.



Microlens Array Key Specificationsa
Item # Suffix Mask or Coating Wavelength Lenslet Pitch Lenslet Size Reflectivity High Spot
Contrast
High
Wavefront Accuracy
High
Spatial Resolution
Low
Back Reflection
-5C Chrome Mask 300 - 1100 nm 150 µm Ø146 µm <25% Yes! - Yes! -
-7AR AR Coating 400 - 900 nm 150 µm Ø146 µm <1% - - Yes! Yes!
-14AR AR Coating 400 - 900 nm 300 µm 295 µm x 295 µm <1% - Yes! - Yes!
  • See Specs tab for complete specifications.

Microlens Arrays

The choice of microlens array affects frame rates and the quality of the wavefront measurement. 

Chrome Mask vs. Anti-Reflection (AR) Coating
The chrome mask is a grid that frames each microlens. The mask blocks light from being transmitted unless it passes through a microlens, which increases image contrast. However, the reflections from MLA back to the source are high. The specified wavelength range is equal to that of the quartz substrate.

The AR Coating reduces the back reflections from the MLA within the specified wavelength range. The specified reflectivity of the AR coated MLA is valid only within the stated wavelength range.
Outside of this wavelength range, the reflectivity may increase significantly. Note that the total reflectivity of the instrument may be higher due to reflections from the CMOS camera chip and its window.

Lens Pitch
An MLAs lens pitch defines the distance measured from the center of a lens to the center of the lens next to it. So, MLAs with a 150 µm lens pitch offer a larger number of spots and thus a higher spatial resolution of the wavefront, and a wider wavefront dynamic range because of their shorter focal length. The MLA with a 300 µm supports higher wavefront accuracy and sensitivity at the expense of dynamic range and spatial resolution.



Frame Rates

Frame rates depend on the sensor head, operation mode, and microlens array and scale with the number of focal spots, as is discussed in the preceding. The frame rates for each combination of sensor head, microlens array, operation mode, and spot count are plotted in Figures 2 through 4.

WFS30 Speed fps
Click to Enlarge

Figure 2: Frame Rates of Wavefront Sensors with Item # Prefix WFS30
WFS40 Speed fps
Click to Enlarge

Figure 3: Frame Rates of Wavefront Sensors with Item # Prefix WFS40
WFS20 Speed fps
Click to Enlarge

Figure 4: Frame Rates of Wavefront Sensors with Item # Prefix WFS20

General-Purpose Wavefront Sensor

WFS30-5C Package Contents
Click to Enlarge

WFS30-5C Package Contents
  • General-Purpose Sensor Head
  • Item # Specific MLA Installed on Sensor Head
    • WFS30-5C(/M): MLA with Chrome Mask and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS30-7AR(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS30-14AR(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 300 µm Lenslet Pitch
  • SM1A9 Adapter
  • Dust Cap
  • USB 3.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 3 m 
  • Quick-Start Guide and Certificate of Calibration (Not Shown)



General-Purpose Wavefront Sensor Kit

WFS30-K2 Package Contents
Click to Enlarge

WFS30-K2 Package Contents
  • General-Purpose Sensor Head
  • Item # Specific MLA Installed on Sensor Head
    • WFS30-K1(/M): MLA with Chrome Mask and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS30-K2(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
  • SM1A9 Adapter
  • Dust Cap
  • Tool to Facilitate MLA Exchange
  • Additional MLA, with Anti-Reflection Coating and 300 µm Lenslet Pitch, Packaged Separately
  • USB 3.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 3 m 
  • Quick-Start Guide and Certificate of Calibration (Not Shown)



Large-Aperture Wavefront Sensor

WFS40-14AR Package Contents
Click to Enlarge

WFS40-14AR Package Contents
  • Large-Aperture Sensor Head
  • Item # Specific MLA Installed on Sensor Head
    • WFS40-5C(/M): MLA with Chrome Mask and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS40-7AR(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS40-14AR(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 300 µm Lenslet Pitch
  • SM1A9 Adapter
  • Dust Cap
  • USB 3.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 3 m 
  • Quick-Start Guide and Certificate of Calibration (Not Shown)



Large-Aperture Wavefront Sensor Kit

WFS40-K1 Package Contents
Click to Enlarge

WFS40-K1 Package Contents
  • Large-Areas Sensor Head
  • Item # Specific MLA Installed on Sensor Head
    • WFS40-K1(/M): MLA with Chrome Mask and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS40-K2(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
  • SM1A9 Adapter
  • Dust Cap
  • Tool to Facilitate MLA Exchange
  • Additional MLA, with Anti-Reflection Coating and 300 µm Lenslet Pitch, Packaged Separately
  • USB 3.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 3 m 
  • Quick-Start Guide and Certificate of Calibration (Not Shown)



High-Speed Wavefront Sensor

Scientific Camera, Cables, and Accessories
Click to Enlarge

WFS20-7AR Package Contents
  • High-Speed Sensor Head
  • Item # Specific MLA Installed on Sensor Head
    • WFS20-5C(/M): MLA with Chrome Mask and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS20-7AR(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS20-14AR(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 300 µm Lenslet Pitch
  • Control Box
  • PoCL Cable to Connect Sensor Head and Control Box
  • SM1A9 Adapter
  • Dust Cap
  • Two Clamps to Secure Control Box
  • Power Supply with Location-Specific Plug, 12 V and 1.5 A
  • USB 2.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 2 m 
  • Quick-Start Guide and Certificate of Calibration (Not Shown)



High-Speed Wavefront Sensor Kit

WFS20-K1 Package Contents
Click to Enlarge

WFS20-7AR Package Contents
  • High-Speed Sensor Head
  • Item # Specific MLA Installed on Sensor Head
    • WFS20-K1(/M): MLA with Chrome Mask and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
    • WFS20-K2(/M): MLA with Anti-Reflection Coating and 150 µm Lenslet Pitch
  • Control Box
  • PoCL Cable to Connect Sensor Head and Control Box
  • SM1A9 Adapter
  • Dust Cap
  • Tool to Facilitate MLA Exchange
  • Additional MLA, with Anti-Reflection Coating and 300 µm Lenslet Pitch, Packaged Separately
  • Two Clamps to Secure Control Box
  • Power Supply with Location-Specific Plug, 12 V and 1.5 A
  • USB 2.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 2 m 
  • Quick-Start Guide and Certificate of Calibration (Not Shown)

Software

Version 5.1 (August 17, 2018)

The wavefront sensor software package for Windows® 7, 8.1, 10, or later (32 or 64 bit).

Software Download

Software Download

Click on the Software button to the right for the latest version of Thorlabs' Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor Software Package. The download includes the software package with a graphical user interface for operating the WFS in standard applications and support for developers who want to extend or adapt the functionality of the device to their special requirements.

System Requirements:

  • Windows® 7, 8.1, or 10 (32 or 64 Bit)
  • USB Interface
    • Item # Suffix WFS20: USB 2.0 or 3.0 Port
    • Item # Suffix WFS30 or WFS40: USB 3.0 Port
  • Graphic Card: 256 MB Memory (Min, Shared)
  • Graphic Resolution: 1024 x 768 Min, 1280 x 1024 Recommended

Wavefront Display
GUI Display of Measured Wavefront

Software and Graphical User Interface

Display/Output Options
For screen images of the GUI display options, please click on the links:

Calculated Parameters

  • Beam Centroid and Diameter
  • Modal and Zonal Reconstructed Wavefront
  • Max Variance of Wavefront, Peak-to-Valley (PV), and RMS of Wavefront
  • Zernike Representations of Tilt, Defocus, Astigmatism,
    Coma, Spherical, and Higher Order Aberrations
  • Fourier and Optometric Parameters

Included Drivers

The software includes a driver package for constructing custom applications with the following software packages:

  • C Compilers
  • LabWindows™/CVI
  • LabVIEW™
  • .Net

Posted Comments:
user  (posted 2018-06-21 08:18:46.27)
What's the threshold power of the input beam before saturation for safe usage of WFS20-5C? I find it nowhere in the manual except the fact it shows an error notification when it reaches the saturation.
wskopalik  (posted 2018-06-26 02:38:53.0)
This is a response from Wolfgang at Thorlabs. Thank you very much for your inquiry. In these sensors the microlens array in front of the camera chip focusses the light onto the chip in small spots. This increases the power density in these spots so the maximum power at which you reach saturaton is quite low. E.g. the maximum power with a beam diameter of 3 mm and a wavelength of 635 nm is about 1 µW. Please feel free to contact me directly at europe@thorlabs.com if you have any further questions.
jaewook.jung  (posted 2018-03-12 22:37:10.237)
By entering the measured zernike coefficient into "Code V's zernike surface", a completely different shape of lens is created. How do I apply zernike coefficients to lens design tool such as Code V or Zemex?
swick  (posted 2018-03-15 04:54:53.0)
This is a response from Sebastian at Thorlabs. Thank you for the inquiry. I contacted you directly for assistance.
hoyoung.kang  (posted 2017-12-19 08:56:49.213)
I tried to supply planar wave with https://www.thorlabs.de/thorproduct.cfm?partnumber=TC25APC-633 https://www.thorlabs.de/thorproduct.cfm?partnumber=S1FC637 $1,534.00 Fabry-Perot Benchtop Laser Source, 637 nm, 8.0 mW, FC/PC https://www.thorlabs.de/thorproduct.cfm?partnumber=P5-630A-PCAPC-1 $75.00 Single Mode Patch Cable, I found beam size is too small. Is there other options I can use?
swick  (posted 2017-12-21 04:42:18.0)
This is a response from Sebastian at Thorlabs. Thank you for the inquiry. In order to get larger beam diameter it would be possible to use Beam Expander (e.g. BE02-05-A) or our Large-Beam Fiber Collimators (C40APC-A or C80APC-A). I have contacted you directly for further suggestions and assistance.
hoyoung.kang  (posted 2017-12-08 21:32:31.863)
How much accuracy degrade by going high speed mode? or Bin2?
swick  (posted 2017-12-14 03:51:31.0)
This is a response from Sebastian at Thorlabs. Thank you for the inquiry. For WFS20-Series we specify the Accuracy in Normal Mode. In High-Speed Mode following points have to be considered. Normally best Accuracy could be achieved by enabling "Auto Noise Cut Level" but in High-Speed Mode the camera's FPGA is calculating the spot centroids and "Auto Noise Cut Level" is not available. To use a well-defined "noise cut level" is a crucial point. The binning will decrease the resolution of the camera which has direct impact on the accuracy. As a guideline the Accuracy and Sensitivity decrease by approx. factor 2. The Dynamic Range stays unchanged.
al  (posted 2017-04-20 08:43:03.333)
Hi, Could you provide specifications for the fast Shack-Harmann WFS at 1550nm? Thanks and Regards, Andrew
swick  (posted 2017-04-20 03:04:37.0)
This is a response from Sebastian at Thorlabs. Thank you for the inquiry. Our Shack-Harmann WFS are designed for 400 - 900 nm and 300 - 1100 nm. The operating wavelength range is limited due to responsivity of the CCD chip and the working range of the AR-Coating on the Microlense Arrays.
lecoyle  (posted 2016-08-23 15:30:00.253)
When you decrease the number of spots to increase your frame rate, are you looking at a smaller ROI, or just every Nth centroid, but still sampling the full beam? Can you set the area of the ROI? ex. I want 15x15 sampling over a beam diameter of 4 mm?
swick  (posted 2016-08-24 08:48:48.0)
This is a response from Sebastian at Thorlabs. Thank you very much for your inquiry. When decreasing the camera resolution in the setup the active area is reduced so that only smaller beams can be analyzed by reduced number of spots. The number of detectable spots (independent of the pupil size) can be calculated by: active-area / micro-lens pitch. For a 4 mm beam (pupil diameter) you will get 26 x 26 spots for MLAs 150-5C and 150-7AR and only 13 x 13 spots for the MLA300-14AR within the pupil. I will contact you directly to discuss your needs in more detail.
klaus.albers  (posted 2015-08-12 14:20:56.663)
Do you plan to implement a logging option into the software? This could be very useful for the analysis of dynamic optical systems, especially with the fast WFS.
shallwig  (posted 2015-08-13 09:36:25.0)
This is a response from Stefan at Thorlabs. Thank you very much for your inquiry. I discussed your suggestion to implement a logging option into the software with the responsible engineer and it is planned to ad that in future versions. I will contact you directly to check if there are any further criteria this function should have to be useful for your applications.
user  (posted 2015-02-03 14:02:15.21)
We desire the accuracy of the AR (400 - 900 nm) coated microlens array. Our wavelength is ~1050 nm. What complications would be encountered measuring wavefront outside the AR range?
shallwig  (posted 2015-02-04 08:21:35.0)
This is a response from Stefan at Thorlabs. Thank you very much for your inquiry. In the manual on page 112 http://www.thorlabs.de/thorcat/MTN/WFS20-14AR-Manual.pdf you can find a reflectivity plot of the micro lens array up to 1000nm The small amount of transmission loss at 1050nm can be neglected. Problems can be caused by interferences within the MLA glass substrate. Light which passes the lens let pitch can get amplified or extinguished. Consequently the spot field (camera image) becomes less sharp and measurement errors increase. It is important to take care of the contrast and to set the noise cut level manually. In the Line View panel the influence of the Noise cut level setting can be observed. The Noise cut Level defines a brightness level in digits which needs to be exceeded by the spots in order to be recognized. Therefore the Digit value has to be set high enough to make sure the intensities between bright spots get cut correctly. Please see also the manual on page 37 where this is illustrated with an example.
Edmund.Koch  (posted 2014-06-23 13:05:33.04)
Is the Lens Array available for an own camera with c-mount? Best regards Edmund Koch
shallwig  (posted 2014-06-24 05:13:17.0)
This is a response from Stefan at Thorlabs. Thank you very much for your inquiry. You can also buy the lens array separate from the wavefront sensor. We sell them mounted and unmounted, you can find the different models on our website here: http://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=2861&pn=MLA150-5C#4411 The mounted version is compatible with standard 1’’ optic mounts but does not fit into a C mount directly. But you can use a SM1A9 adapter and a SM1 lens tube in which the mounted microlens array fits. I will contact you directly to discuss your application in detail.
jvigroux  (posted 2012-03-12 06:13:00.0)
A response from Julien at Thorlabs: Thank you for your inquiry! The Thorlabs wave front sensor can be interfaced using the national instrument data socket. This extra function allows the transmission of measurement data to a third party software and/or to another computer by using the data socket tool. We also provide a small example application called the wavefront sensor receiver that shows how such an interfacing can be made. This application is installed together with the main WFS software.
franxm  (posted 2012-03-09 15:34:11.0)
Is there functionality in the wfs software to load data taken from the wfs without having the wfs connected? For example, if the wfs is in a cleanroom (and aligned in an optical setup), it is more convenient to view large amounts of saved measurements on a computer located outside.
jvigroux  (posted 2011-10-07 03:19:00.0)
A response form Julien at Thorlabs: Thank you for your feedback. The software should install fine on win 7 64 bits. I think the best approach is that we contact you directly in order to see what the problem is and find an adequate solution.
yubo.duan  (posted 2011-10-05 15:47:21.0)
Hello, The USB driver can't be installed correctly. Could you provide some supports please? My computer is win 7 (64bit). Thanks.

General-Purpose Wavefront Sensors

WFS30 Speed fps
Click to Enlarge

Frame rate and resolution depend on the MLA, software-selectable active area, and operation mode.
  • Rectangular 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Max Aperture
  • 1936 x 1216 Pixel Max Camera Resolution
  • One Mounted Microlens Array Included with Each WFS
    • Chrome Mask or AR Coating
    • 150 µm Pitch Arrays Have 73 x 45 Active Lenslets (Max)
    • 300 µm Pitch Array Has 35 x 21 Active Lenslets (Max)
  • User-Selectable Software Settings Control Frame Rate and Resolution
    • Pupil Size Adjustment
    • Operation in Normal or Faster Subsampling (sub2) Mode
  • Software Controlled via Thorlabs' or User-Developed Application

Each of these Wavefront Sensors (WFS) is calibrated for use with the included mounted microlens array (MLA). A USB 3.0 interface to a PC running the software application is required to provide specified performance (see the Specs tab); however, these instruments can be operated with reduced performance via a USB 2.0 interface. Each WFS includes a bottom-mounted adapter plate with an 8-32 (M4) and a 1/4"-20 (M6) tap for mounting the sensor head on Ø1/2" posts.

Kits, available below, include two MLAs calibrated for the sensor head. If a MLA has not been factory-calibrated for use with a particular sensor head, it should not be used. Contact Tech Support to upgrade a WFS for use with additional MLAs.

General Purpose Wavefront Sensorsa
Item # WFS30-5C(/M) WFS30-7AR(/M) WFS30-14AR(/M)
Wavelength Range 300 - 1100 nm 400 - 900 nm
Effective Focal Length 4.1 mm 5.2 mm 14.6 mm
Lenslet Array Coating Chrome Mask AR Coated
Lenslet Pitch 150 µm 300 µm
Wavefront Accuracy (at 633 nm) λ/25 rms λ/40 rms λ/60 rms
Wavefront Sensitivity (at 633 nm) λ/80 rms λ/120 rms λ/200 rms
Frame Rate 8.0 - 64 Hz
Camera Resolution 1936 x 1216 Pixels Max, Software Selectable
High-Speed Control Box
with PoCL and Table Clamps
-
Included Cable USB 3.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 3 m
  • Complete specifications are available on the Specs tab.
Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
WFS30-5C Support Documentation
WFS30-5CNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, Chrome Masked MLA, 300 - 1100 nm, Imperial Taps
$3,950.00
Today
WFS30-7AR Support Documentation
WFS30-7ARNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Imperial Taps
$3,950.00
Today
WFS30-14AR Support Documentation
WFS30-14ARNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture, 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Imperial Taps
$3,950.00
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
WFS30-5C/M Support Documentation
WFS30-5C/MNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, Chrome Masked MLA, 300 - 1100 nm, Metric Taps
$3,950.00
Today
WFS30-7AR/M Support Documentation
WFS30-7AR/MNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Metric Taps
$3,950.00
Today
WFS30-14AR/M Support Documentation
WFS30-14AR/MNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture, 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Metric Taps
$3,950.00
Today

General-Purpose Wavefront Sensor Kits

  • Includes General-Purpose Wavefront Sensor and an additional 300 µm Pitch AR-Coated MLA
  • MLAs Factory Calibrated for Use with the Included Hardware
  • WFS30-K1(/M) Can Be Configured as:
    • WFS30-5C(/M) by Installing the MLA with 150 µm Pitch and Chrome Mask
    • WFS30-14AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 300 µm Pitch and AR Coating
  • WFS30-K2(/M) Can Be Configured as:
    • WFS30-7AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 150 µm Pitch and AR Coating
    • WFS30-14AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 300 µm Pitch and AR Coating
  • Each Kit Includes a Pickup Tool Used to Easily Exchange the Installed MLA

These wavefront sensor kits come with all of the same specifications and hardware as the WFS30-5C(/M) and WFS30-7AR(/M) sold above, but they include another factory-calibrated 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated microlens array. A pickup tool is included to facilitate the easy exchange of these arrays in their patented, precision magnetic holders. Information about these wavefront sensors in the Specs and Selection Guide tabs above are given by the Item # of the configuration, rather than the Item # of the kit. For example, Item # WFS30-14AR should be referenced for the case of the 300 µm pitch MLA installed on a WFS30-K1. If a MLA has not been factory-calibrated for use with a particular sensor head, it should not be used. Contact Tech Support to upgrade a WFS for use with additional MLAs.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
WFS30-K1 Support Documentation
WFS30-K1NEW!WFS Kit with 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture; 150 µm Pitch, Chrome-Masked MLA and 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated MLA; Imperial Taps
$4,750.00
Today
WFS30-K2 Support Documentation
WFS30-K2NEW!WFS Kit with 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture; Two AR-Coated MLAs, 150 µm Pitch and 300 µm Pitch; Imperial Taps
$4,750.00
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
WFS30-K1/M Support Documentation
WFS30-K1/MNEW!WFS Kit with 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture; 150 µm Pitch, Chrome-Masked MLA and 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA; Metric Taps
$4,750.00
Today
WFS30-K2/M Support Documentation
WFS30-K2/MNEW!WFS Kit with 11.34 mm x 7.13 mm Aperture; Two AR-Coated MLAs, 150 µm Pitch and 300 µm Pitch; Metric Taps
$4,750.00
Today

Large-Aperture Wavefront Sensors

WFS40 Speed fps
Click to Enlarge

Frame rate and resolution (spot count) depend on the MLA, software-selectable active area, and operation mode.
  • Square 11.26 x 11.26 Max Aperture
  • 2048 x 2048 Pixel Max Camera Resolution
  • One Mounted Microlens Array Included with Each WFS
    • Chrome Mask or AR Coating
    • 150 µm Pitch Arrays Have 73 x 73 Active Lenslets (Max)
    • 300 µm Pitch Array Has 35 x 35 Active Lenslets (Max)
  • User-Selectable Software Settings Control Frame Rate and Resolution
    • Pupil Size Adjustment
    • Operation in Normal or Faster Subsampling (sub2) Mode
  • Software Controlled via Thorlabs' or User-Developed Application

Each of these Wavefront Sensors (WFS) is calibrated for use with the included mounted microlens array (MLA). A USB 3.0 interface to a PC running the software application is required to provide specified performance (see the Specs tab); however, these instruments can be operated with reduced performance via a USB 2.0 interface. Each WFS includes a bottom-mounted adapter plate with an 8-32 (M4) and a 1/4"-20 (M6) tap for mounting the sensor head on Ø1/2" posts.

Kits, available below, include two MLAs calibrated for the sensor head. If a MLA has not been factory-calibrated for use with a particular sensor head, it should not be used. Contact Tech Support to upgrade a WFS for use with additional MLAs.

Large-Aperture Wavefront Sensorsa
Item # WFS40-5C(/M) WFS40-7AR(/M) WFS40-14AR(/M)
Wavelength Range 300 - 1100 nm 400 - 900 nm
Effective Focal Length 4.1 mm 5.2 mm 14.6 mm
Lenslet Array Coating Chrome Mask AR Coated
Lenslet Pitch 150 µm 300 µm
Wavefront Accuracy (at 633 nm) λ/25 rms λ/30 rms λ/40 rms
Wavefront Sensitivity (at 633 nm) λ/80 rms λ/100 rms λ/120 rms
Frame Rate 4.0 - 98 Hz 5.5 - 98 Hz
Camera Resolution 2048 x 2048 Pixels Max, Software Selectable
High-Speed Control Box
with PoCL and Table Clamps
-
Included Cable USB 3.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 3 m
  • Complete specifications are available on the Specs tab.
Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
WFS40-5C Support Documentation
WFS40-5CNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.26 mm Square Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, Chrome Masked MLA, 300 - 1100 nm, Imperial Taps
$5,300.00
Today
WFS40-7AR Support Documentation
WFS40-7ARNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.26 mm Square Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Imperial Taps
$5,300.00
Today
WFS40-14AR Support Documentation
WFS40-14ARNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.26 mm Square Aperture, 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Imperial Taps
$5,300.00
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
WFS40-5C/M Support Documentation
WFS40-5C/MNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.26 mm Square Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, Chrome Masked MLA, 300 - 1100 nm, Metric Taps
$5,300.00
Today
WFS40-7AR/M Support Documentation
WFS40-7AR/MNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.26 mm Square Aperture, 150 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Metric Taps
$5,300.00
Today
WFS40-14AR/M Support Documentation
WFS40-14AR/MNEW!Shack-Hartmann WFS, 11.26 mm Square Aperture, 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated MLA, 400 - 900 nm, Metric Taps
$5,300.00
Today

Large-Aperture Wavefront Sensor Kits

  • Includes Large-Aperture Wavefront Sensor and an additional 300 µm Pitch AR-Coated MLA
  • MLAs Factory Calibrated for Use with the Included Hardware
  • WFS30-K1(/M) Can Be Configured as:
    • WFS30-5C(/M) by Installing the MLA with 150 µm Pitch and Chrome Mask
    • WFS30-14AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 300 µm Pitch and AR Coating
  • WFS30-K2(/M) Can Be Configured as:
    • WFS30-7AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 150 µm Pitch and AR Coating
    • WFS30-14AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 300 µm Pitch and AR Coating
  • Each Kit Includes a Pickup Tool Used to Easily Exchange the Installed MLA

These wavefront sensor kits come with all of the same specifications and hardware as the WFS40-5C(/M) and WFS40-7AR(/M) sold above, but they include another factory-calibrated 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated microlens array and a tool to facilitate the easy exchange of these arrays in their patented, precision magnetic holders. Information about these wavefront sensors in the Specs and Selection Guide tabs above are given by the Item # of the configuration, rather than the Item # of the kit. For example, Item # WFS40-14AR should be referenced for the case of the 300 µm pitch MLA installed on a WFS40-K1. If a MLA has not been factory-calibrated for use with a particular sensor head, it should not be used. Contact Tech Support to upgrade a WFS for use with additional MLAs.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
WFS40-K1 Support Documentation
WFS40-K1NEW!WFS Kit with 11.26 mm Square Aperture; 150 µm Pitch, Chrome-Masked MLA and 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated MLA; Imperial Taps
$6,100.00
Lead Time
WFS40-K2 Support Documentation
WFS40-K2NEW!WFS Kit with 11.26 mm Square Aperture; Two AR-Coated MLAs, 150 µm Pitch and 300 µm Pitch; Imperial Taps
$6,100.00
3-5 Days
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
WFS40-K1/M Support Documentation
WFS40-K1/MNEW!WFS Kit with 11.26 mm Square Aperture; 150 µm Pitch, Chrome-Masked MLA and 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated MLA; Metric Taps
$6,100.00
Today
WFS40-K2/M Support Documentation
WFS40-K2/MNEW!WFS Kit with 11.26 mm Square Aperture; Two AR-Coated MLAs, 150 µm Pitch and 300 µm Pitch; Metric Taps
$6,100.00
3-5 Days

High-Speed Wavefront Sensors

WFS20 Speed fps
Click to Enlarge

Frame rate and resolution depend on the MLA, software-selectable active area, and operation mode.
  • Rectangular 7.20 x 5.40 mm Max Aperture
  • 1440 x 1080 Pixel Max Camera Resolution
  • One Mounted Microlens Array Included with Each WFS
    • Chrome Mask or AR Coating
    • 150 µm Pitch Arrays Have 47 x 35 Active Lenslets (Max)
    • 300 µm Pitch Array Has 23 x 17 Active Lenslets (Max)
  • User-Selectable Software Settings Control Frame Rate and Resolution
    • Pupil Size Adjustment
    • Operation in Normal, 2x2 Binning (Bin 2), or High-Speed Mode
  • Software Controlled via Thorlabs' or User-Developed Application

These WFS include a separate control box that connects to the sensor head with the included cable. During high-speed mode operation, the field-programmable gate array (FPGA) built into the control box processes the image data and sends only the calculated spot centroid coordinates to the PC. In contrast, the entire image is sent to the PC when the WFS operates in normal and Bin 2 modes. A USB 2.0 interface to a PC running the software application is required for operation. Each WFS has three 8-32 (M4) taps on the bottom of the housing for mounting on Ø1/2" posts and four 4-40 taps on the front face for compatibility with Thorlabs' 30 mm Cage Systems.

Kits, available below, include two MLAs calibrated for the sensor head. If a MLA has not been factory-calibrated for use with a particular sensor head, it should not be used. Contact Tech Support to upgrade a WFS for use with additional MLAs.

High-Speed Wavefront Sensorsa
Item # WFS20-5C(/M) WFS20-7AR(/M) WFS20-14AR(/M)
Wavelength Range 300 - 1100 nm 400 - 900 nm
Effective Focal Length 4.1 mm 5.2 mm 14.6 mm
Lenslet Array Coating Chrome Mask AR Coated
Lenslet Pitch 150 µm 300 µm
Wavefront Accuracy (at 633 nm) λ/30 rms λ/60 rms
Wavefront Sensitivity (at 633 nm) λ/100 rms λ/200 rms
Frame Rate 23 - 880 Hz 28 - 1120 Hz
Camera Resolution 1440 x 1080 Pixels Max, Software Selectable
High-Speed Control Box
with PoCL and Table Clamps
Included Cable USB 2.0 Type-A to Mini-B Cable, 2 m
  • Complete specifications are available on the Specs tab.
Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
WFS20-5C Support Documentation
WFS20-5CFast Shack-Hartmann, WFS, 150 µm Pitch, Chrome Masked, 300 - 1100 nm, 8-32 Taps
$6,160.80
Today
WFS20-7AR Support Documentation
WFS20-7ARFast Shack-Hartmann WFS, 150 µm Pitch, AR Coated: 400 - 900 nm, 8-32 Taps
$6,160.80
Today
WFS20-14AR Support Documentation
WFS20-14ARFast Shack-Hartmann WFS, 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated: 400 - 900 nm, 8-32 Taps
$6,160.80
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
WFS20-5C/M Support Documentation
WFS20-5C/MFast Shack-Hartmann WFS, 150 µm Pitch, Chrome Masked, 300 - 1100 nm, M4 Taps
$6,160.80
Today
WFS20-7AR/M Support Documentation
WFS20-7AR/MFast Shack-Hartmann WFS, 150 µm Pitch, AR Coated: 400 - 900 nm, M4 Taps
$6,160.80
Today
WFS20-14AR/M Support Documentation
WFS20-14AR/MFast Shack-Hartmann WFS, 300 µm Pitch, AR Coated: 400 - 900 nm, M4 Taps
$6,160.80
Today

High-Speed Wavefront Sensor Kits

  • Includes a High-Speed Wavefront Sensor, an additional 300 µm Pitch AR-Coated MLA, and Control Box
  • MLAs Factory Calibrated for Use with the Included Hardware
  • WFS20-K1(/M) Can Be Configured as:
    • WFS20-5C(/M) by Installing the MLA with 150 µm Pitch and Chrome Mask
    • WFS20-14AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 300 µm Pitch and AR Coating
  • WFS20-K2(/M) Can Be Configured as:
    • WFS20-7AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 150 µm Pitch and AR Coating
    • WFS20-14AR(/M) by Installing the MLA with 300 µm Pitch and AR Coating
  • Each Kit Includes a Pickup Tool Used to Easily Exchange the Installed MLA

These wavefront sensor kits come with all of the same specifications and hardware as the WFS20-5C(/M) and WFS20-7AR(/M) sold above, but they include another factory-calibrated 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated microlens array and a tool to facilitate the easy exchange of these arrays in their patented, precision magnetic holders. Information about these wavefront sensors in the Specs and Selection Guide tabs above are given by the Item # of the configuration, rather than the Item # of the kit. For example, Item # WFS20-14AR should be referenced for the case of the 300 µm pitch MLA installed on a WFS20-K1. If a MLA has not been factory-calibrated for use with a particular sensor head, it should not be used. Contact Tech Support to upgrade a WFS for use with additional MLAs.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
WFS20-K1 Support Documentation
WFS20-K1Fast WFS Kit with 150 µm Pitch, Chrome-Masked and 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated Microlens Arrays, 8-32 Taps
$6,997.20
Today
WFS20-K2 Support Documentation
WFS20-K2Fast WFS Kit with 150 µm Pitch and 300 µm Pitch AR-Coated Microlens Arrays, 8-32 Taps
$6,997.20
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
WFS20-K1/M Support Documentation
WFS20-K1/MFast WFS Kit with 150 µm Pitch, Chrome-Masked and 300 µm Pitch, AR-Coated Microlens Arrays, Metric, M4 Taps
$6,997.20
Today
WFS20-K2/M Support Documentation
WFS20-K2/MFast WFS Kit with 150 µm Pitch and 300 µm Pitch AR-Coated Microlens Arrays, M4 Taps
$6,997.20
Today

USB and Trigger Cables

The CAB-WFS20-T1 cable is designed to connect a user-supplied external trigger source to the High-Speed Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors (Item # Prefix WFS20). The CAB-DCU-T3 cable provides the same functionality for the General-Purpose and Large-Aperture Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors (Item # Prefix WFS30 and WFS40, respectively). For trigger input specifications, please see the Specs tab above.

Item # CAB-WFS20-T1 CAB-WFS20-T1 Pin Assignment
CAB-WFS20-T1
Click to Enlarge
Connector Device Side 4-Pin Hirose, Female 1 Not Used
TTL Trigger Input Bare Wire (Brown) 2 Trigger Input Ground (Black, Bare Wire)
Shielding None 3 TTL Trigger Input (Brown, Bare Wire)
Length 2 m 4 Not Used
Item # CAB-DCU-T3 CAB-DCU-T3 Pin Assignment
CAB-DCU-T3
Click to Enlarge
Connector Device Side Hirose HR25-7TP-8S, Female 2 Flash Outputa
End Opposite Connectors Tinned End of Wires 3 GPIO 1, 3.3 V LVCMOS
Function GPIO 4 Trigger Inputa - (Brown, Bare Wire)
Trigger In (Bare Wire) yes 5 Flash Outputa +
Flash & Digital Out (Bare Wire) yes 6 GPIO 2, 3.3 V LVCMOS
Cable Type Shielded High-Flexible Control
Cable 8 x 0.1 mm, Ø4.9 mm
7 Trigger Inputa + (White, Bare Wire)
Shielding Single Shielded 8 Output Supply Voltage, 5 V (100 mA)
Length 2 m 9 N/A
  • Bare WireThese pins are opto-decoupled inside the camera to protect against high or incorrect voltages.
Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available / Ships
CAB-WFS20-T1 Support Documentation
CAB-WFS20-T1Trigger Cable for WFS20 Wavefront Sensors
$71.91
Today
CAB-DCU-T3 Support Documentation
CAB-DCU-T3USB 3.0 I/O Cable, Hirose 25, for DCC3240 and DCC3260 Cameras, 2 m
$97.85
3-5 Days

Kinematic Mount for Wavefront Sensors


This animation shows how to convert between the right- and left-handed orientations for the KM100WFS. A similar process can be followed for the KM200PM(/M).

Click to Enlarge

The KM200PM mount platform's larger size allows for flexible mounting options.
Platform Specifications
Item # Tapped Holes Through Holes Platform Deptha
KM100WFS - #8 (x2)
M3 (x2)
1.52" (38.6 mm)
KM200PM 6-32 (x16)
8-32 (x4)
#8 (x2) 2.10" (53.3 mm)
KM200PM/M M4 (x21) M4 (x2) 53.3 mm (2.10")
  • The Distance between the Front and Back of the Platform
  • Two 80 TPI Adjusters for ±4° of Fine Tip and Tilt Control
  • 8 mrad Adjustment per Revolution
  • Platform can be Removed and Secured to Either Arm Enabling Left- or Right-Handed Configuration
  • Removable Knobs Expose Adjuster Screws with Hex Socket

Thorlabs' KM100WFS and KM200PM(/M) Kinematic Platform Mounts provide kinematic control for our CMOS-Based Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensors. Please note that the optical axis of the sensors will not be centered over the optical post. The animation to the right shows how to convert between the left- and right-handed orientations for the KM100WFS. This process is very similar for the KM200PM(/M). 

The KM100WFS is designed to accommodate the WFS20 wavefront sensors, and features a similar design to our KM100PM platform. The WFS20 high-speed sensors can be mounted using the two #8 through holes near the front edge of the plate and the included 8-32 screws. The DCU CCD Cameras and the WFS20 sensors can also be mounted on the KM100WFS. 

The KM200PM(/M) mount is larger than the KM100WFS, and can mount the WFS20 sensors using the two #8 (M4) through holes near the front edge of the plate. WFS30 and WFS40 can be mounted using one of the 8-32 tapped mounting holes. The larger profile and number of holes provides a variety of mounting options. The platform is secured to the front plate using two 4-40 screws with a 3/32" hex [the KM200PM/M uses M2.5 screws with a 2 mm (5/64") hex]. The two pieces of the mounting platform assembly are held together with two 3-48 screws [5/64" (2 mm) hex]. If desired, the mounting plate can also be removed and replaced with a user-supplied alternative, enabling custom mounting options.

Based on your currency / country selection, your order will ship from Newton, New Jersey  
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Imperial Price Available / Ships
KM200PM Support Documentation
KM200PMKinematic Prism Mount, 2.10" Deep, 6-32 and 8-32 Taps
$120.36
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Universal Price Available / Ships
KM100WFS Support Documentation
KM100WFSKinematic Mount for Thorlabs' Wavefront Sensors
$83.39
Today
+1 Qty Docs Part Number - Metric Price Available / Ships
KM200PM/M Support Documentation
KM200PM/MKinematic Prism Mount, 53.3 mm Deep, M4 Taps
$120.36
3-5 Days
Log In  |   My Account  |   Contact Us  |   Careers  |   Privacy Policy  |   Home  |   FAQ  |   Site Index
Regional Websites: West Coast US | Europe | Asia | China | Japan
Copyright 1999-2018 Thorlabs, Inc.
Sales: 1-973-300-3000
Technical Support: 1-973-300-3000


High Quality Thorlabs Logo 1000px:Save this Image