Low-GDD Ultrafast Mirrors for 700 - 930 nm
UM15-45A Ø1.5" Mirror
in a POLARIS-K15S4 Mount
- Ideal for Ti:Sapphire Lasers
- Designed for 700 - 930 nm
- Group Delay Dispersion < 30 fs2
|Design Wavelength Range||700 - 930 nm|
|Diameter Tolerance||+0.00 / -0.10 mm|
|Thickness||6.4 mm||9.5 mm||12.0 mm||12.0 mm|
|Thickness Tolerance||±0.20 mm||±0.10 mm|
|Reflectance||Rs > 99% (700 - 930 nm)
Rp > 99% (730 - 870 nm)
|Angle of Incidence||45°|
|Group Delay Dispersion|||GDDs| < 30 fs² (700 - 930 nm)
|GDDp| < 30 fs² (730 - 870 nm)
|0.40 J/cm2 (800 nm, 52 fs FWHM, S-Pol, 1000 Pulses)|
|Front Surface Flatnessc||<λ/4||<λ/6||<λ/4||<λ/2|
|Front Surface Quality||15-5 Scratch-Dig||20-10 Scratch-Dig|
|Parallelism||≤3 arcmin||≤5 arcmin|
|Back Surface||Polished||Fine Ground|
- Low Group Delay Dispersion: |GDD| < 30 fs2
- Ideal for Pulses Shorter than 250 fs
- Reflectance Greater than 99%
- Sizes: Ø1/2", Ø1", Ø1.5", or Ø2"
Thorlabs' low group delay dispersion (GDD) mirrors feature a coating designed for high reflectance in the 700 nm - 930 nm wavelength range and use at a 45° angle of incidence (AOI). These mirrors are ideal for Ti:Sapphire femtosecond pulsed lasers where pulse broadening is a concern, as well as imaging applications such as two photon microscopy. They offer an ideal combination of greater than 99% reflectance and less than |30 fs2| GDD; for details, please see the Graphs tab.
These mirrors are available in four different diameters: Ø1/2", Ø1", Ø1.5", or Ø2". The Ø1.5" version is ideal for use with amplified Ti:Sapphire laser systems, as it provides more surface area than a Ø1" mirror for expanded high-power beams while providing a more compact footprint than a Ø2" mirror.
The edge of each optic is engraved with the item number and an arrowhead pointing to the coated surface. The back surface of the Ø1/2", Ø1", and Ø1.5" mirrors is polished so that the small percentage of light that leaks through the reflective coating may be used for applications such as power monitoring. The fine ground back surface of the Ø2" mirror is ideal for use with higher power lasers, as the light passing through the mirror will be diffusely scattered.
Our low-GDD coating offers the highest reflectance of any of our mirrors for the Ti:Sapphire wavelength range. For a general comparison of the performance of our low-GDD mirrors, ultrafast-enhanced silver mirrors, standard protected silver mirrors, and broadband dielectric mirrors, please see the Mirror Comparison tab.
In addition to the low-GDD mirrors here, Thorlabs also offers low-GDD mirrors for various other wavelength ranges. For our full selection of optics for ultrafast applications, please see the Ultrafast Optics tab.
The graph on the left below shows measured results of the reflectance as a function of wavelength for both s- and p-polarizations. The graph on the right shows theoretical results for the group delay dispersion and represents the designed performance of our 700 nm - 930 nm low GDD coating. Both plots are for 45° AOI.
Click to Enlarge
Click for Raw Data
The shaded region represents the specified wavelength range where the absolute RS > 99%. Please note that the reflectance outside of this specified region is typical and can vary from lot to lot, especially where the reflectance is fluctuating or sloped.
This tab compares four of Thorlabs' coatings for the Ti:Sapphire wavelength range: our low-GDD dielectric coating for 700 - 930 nm, our ultrafast-enhanced silver coating, our standard protected silver coating, and our broadband dielectric -E02 coating.
Our Low-GDD Dielectric Coating and Ultrafast-Enhanced Silver Coating are specifically designed for femtosecond Ti:Sapphire lasers. The low-GDD dielectric coating provides the highest reflectance, making it suitable for laser cavities, while the ultrafast-enhanced silver coating provides slightly lower reflectance and a slightly broader wavelength range. Each offers low group delay dispersion of <|30 fs2| or better.
The Protected Silver Coating offers the widest spectral range and minimal dependence on the angle of incidence. However, its reflectance at typical Ti:Sapphire wavelengths is somewhat lower than our low-GDD dielectric and ultrafast-enhanced silver coatings.
Our -E02 Broadband Dielectric Mirror Coating has resonance structures within the dielectric coating layers. These structures cause ripples in the group delay dispersion and can furthermore vary strongly between coating runs. While these variations do not impact CW performance, when an ultrafast laser pulse hits such a mirror, the pulse is strongly distorted. Thorlabs' low-GDD dielectric coating and the dielectric overcoat on our ultrafast-enhanced silver mirrors are designed in such a way that there is no resonance inside the layers, thereby maintaining smooth dispersion and reflectance across the design wavelength range.
The table below summarizes the reflectance, spectral range, and group delay dispersion of the different coatings.
|Mirror Coating||Spectral Range||Item # Suffix||Reflectance||Group Delay Dispersion|
|Low-GDD Dielectric Coating||S-Pol: 700 - 930 nm
P-Pol: 730 - 870 nm
|-45A||Rs > 99%
Rp > 99%
|S-Pol: <|30 fs2|
P-Pol: <|30 fs2|
|Ultrafast-Enhanced Silver Coating||750 - 1000 nm||-AG||Rs > 99.0%
Rp > 98.5%
|S-Pol: <|20 fs2|
P-Pol: <|30 fs2|
|Protected Silver Coating||450 nm - 20 µm||-P01||Ravg > 97.5% for 450 nm - 2 µm
Ravg > 96% for 2 - 20 µm
|-P02||Ravg > 97% for 450 nm - 2 µm
Ravg > 95% for 2 - 20 µm
|Broadband Dielectric Coating||400 - 750 nm||-E02||Ravg > 99%||Not Specifiedb||-|
Thorlabs offers a wide selection of optics optimized for use with femtosecond and picosecond laser pulses. Please see below for more information.
|Metallic Mirrors||Dielectric Mirror||High-Power Mirrors for
750 - 1000 nm
|Protected Silver Mirrors,
450 nm - 20 µm
|Unprotected Gold Mirrors,
800 nm - 20 µm
400 nm and 800 nm
|Ytterbium Laser Line Mirrors,
250 nm - 1080 nm
|Dispersion-Compensating Optics||Low-GDD Harmonic
Mirrors, 650 - 1050 nm
Prisms, 700 - 900 nm
400 nm and 800 nm or
500 nm and 1000 nm
|Beamsplitters & Windows,
600 - 1500 nm or
1000 - 2000 nm