Figure 1 below shows the schematic diagram of INT-COM-1300 internal optical network and a basic OCT application setup.
Figure 1: Schematic of INT-COM-1300
The internal fiber network of the INT-COM-1300 is designed for swept source Fourier domain OCT systems in which the signal from both the reference and the sample arm of the interferometer follow a common path configuration. The reflections from both arms are combined to produce the interference fringes which are detected by one channel of the integrated balanced detector. The second channel of the detector may then be used to offset the DC component of the interference signal by using an external variable optical attenuator (VOA) to control the amount of light reaching the second detector channel.
A 95/5 fiber coupler is used to split the incoming light so that 95% of the light is transmitted to a circulator and then passed to the WDM coupler which combines the incoming 1300 nm light with the aiming laser for ease of alignment. From the WDM coupler the light exits the probe port for sample observation. The light reflected from the sample passes back through the WDM coupler and then through the circulator for detection in one channel of the balanced detector.
The 5% of the light which was split from the incoming beam is connected to VOA IN port via a slope compensation coupler. This additional coupler is used to compensate the wavelength dependent coupling ratio. The two coupler design makes the VOA IN signal nearly independent of the OCT laser wavelength allowing broadband DC offset compensation. This is demonstrated by the wavelength response curves shown below.
Figure 2 shows the INT-COM-1300 coupling ratio measured from 1300 nm input to the probe ports, while Figure 3 shows similar information measured from input port to input of the VAO port.
Figure 2: Wavelength Response of Coupling from Input to Probe Port
Figure 3: Wavelength Response of Coupling from Input to VAO Input Port